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High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is the most lethal gynecologic cancer. Emerging evidence suggests that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an immunosuppressive role in the tumor microenvironment and promote tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis in ovarian cancer. Therefore, targeting TAMs in patients with ovarian cancer is an appealing strategy; however, all trials to date have failed. To improve the efficacy of this approach, we sought to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of the role of TAMs in ovarian cancer. We found that the developmental transcription factor GATA3 was highly expressed in HGSOC cell lines but not in the fallopian tube, which is the main origin of HGSOC. GATA3 expression was associated with poor prognosis in HGSOC patients (P < .05) and was found to promote proliferation and migration in HGSOC cell lines. GATA3 was released abundantly from TAM cells via exosomes and contributed to tumor growth in the tumor microenvironment. Moreover, GATA3 acted as a regulator for macrophage polarization and interactions between TAMs and HGSOC to support proliferation, motility, and cisplatin chemoresistance in mutant TP53 HGSOC cell lines. Furthermore, GATA3 played a critical role in the interactions between TAMs and mutant TP53 HGSOC to promote angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition with epigenetic regulation. Targeting GATA3 using GATA3siRNA in TAMs impeded GATA3-driven proliferation, migration, cisplatin chemoresistance, and angiogenesis in mutant TP53 HGSOC cell lines. Our findings indicate that GATA3 plays a novel role in immunoediting of HGSOC and demonstrate that GATA3 may serve as a prognostic marker for HGSOC and a promising target in the treatment of HGSOC.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cellular signalling
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A GATA transcription factor that is found predominately in LYMPHOID CELL precursors and has been implicated in the CELL DIFFERENTIATION of HELPER T-CELLS. Haploinsufficiency of GATA3 is associated with HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; and renal anomalies syndrome.
Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.
A sialic acid binding lectin that was originally identified as an adhesion molecule for inflammatory MACROPHAGES and activated MONOCYTES. This protein is the largest known siglec subtype and contains 16 immunoglobulin C2-set domains. It plays a role in cell to cell interactions and interactions with BACTERIA.
A member of the family of TISSUE INHIBITOR OF METALLOPROTEINASES. It is a 21-kDa nonglycosylated protein found in tissue fluid and is secreted as a complex with progelatinase A by human fibroblast and uncomplexed from alveolar macrophages. An overexpression of TIMP-2 has been shown to inhibit invasive and metastatic activity of tumor cells and decrease tumor growth in vivo.
A tumor arising in the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE; SYNOVIAL BURSA; or TENDON sheath. It is characterized by OSTEOCLAST-like GIANT CELLS; FOAM CELLS; pigmented HEMOSIDERIN-laden MACROPHAGES and inflammatory infiltrate. It is classified either as diffuse or localized tenosynovitis.
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Ovarian Cancer is cancer that starts in the female reproductive organs, the ovaries. It is the fifth most common cancer among women. Women at risk of Ovarian Cancer are those who have had few children (or had children at an older age), carriers o...