Emerging role of GIP and related gut hormones in fertility and PCOS.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Emerging role of GIP and related gut hormones in fertility and PCOS."

Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) is best known as an incretin hormone released by enteroendocrine K-cells in response to feeding and stimulates insulin release to regulate blood glucose and nutrient homeostasis. More recently GIP has been ascribed a positive role in lipid metabolism, bone strength, cardiovascular function and cognition. The present paper considers an emerging role of GIP and related gut hormones in fertility and especially polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Key evidence concerns restoration of fertility in women with gross obesity and PCOS following bariatric surgery. This is considered to reflect indirect effects mediated by alleviation of insulin resistance together with possible direct effects of surgically induced changes of GIP, GLP-1 and related peptide hormones on ovaries and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Further studies are required to determine inter-relationships between the hormones and cellular mechanisms involved but these observations suggest that GIP and other gut may provide a novel therapeutic approach for PCOS and other reproductive disorders.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Peptides
ISSN: 1873-5169
Pages: 170233


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Hormones produced by the placenta include CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN as well as steroids (ESTROGENS; PROGESTERONE), and neuropeptide hormones similar to those found in the hypothalamus (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES).

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