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Nuclear accumulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase alpha 1 promotes histone acetylation and is essential for zygotic genome activation in porcine embryos.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nuclear accumulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase alpha 1 promotes histone acetylation and is essential for zygotic genome activation in porcine embryos."

Porcine zygotic genome activation (ZGA) occurs along with global epigenetic remodeling at the 4-cell stage. These processes are regulated by histone acetylation, which requires acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA). Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) is a crucial enzyme in glucose metabolism that converts pyruvate into acetyl-CoA. In mammalian cells, acetyl-CoA is produced by pyruvate dehydrogenase alpha 1 (PDHA1) translocated into the nucleus in special conditions. To determine whether zygotic PDHA1 plays a critical role in promoting histone acetylation during ZGA, a CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system using multiple guide RNAs was employed to generate a PDHA1-targeted parthenogenetic embryo model. Results of immunofluorescent staining showed that the nuclear accumulation of PDHA1 during ZGA was significantly inhibited by PDHA1 targeting. Meanwhile, the 4-cell arrest rate significantly increased at 72 h after activation, indicating impeded embryonic development. In addition, nuclear histone acetylation significantly decreased when PDHA1 was targeted, and quantitative PCR showed that expression of several zygotic genes was significantly decreased in the PDHA1-targeting group compared to the control group. Overexpression of PDHA1 recovered the nuclear PDHA1, H3K9Ac and H3K27Ac and EIF1A expression levels. Moreover, the 5-to-8-cell-stage embryo development rate was only partially rescued. In conclusion, expression of zygotic origin PDHA1 contributes to porcine ZGA by maintaining histone acetylation in porcine embryos.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular cell research
ISSN: 1879-2596
Pages: 118648

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The E1 component of the multienzyme PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX. It is composed of 2 alpha subunits (pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 alpha subunit) and 2 beta subunits (pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 beta subunit).

A multienzyme complex responsible for the formation of ACETYL COENZYME A from pyruvate. The enzyme components are PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE); dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase; and LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is subject to three types of control: inhibited by acetyl-CoA and NADH; influenced by the energy state of the cell; and inhibited when a specific serine residue in the pyruvate decarboxylase is phosphorylated by ATP. PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE)-PHOSPHATASE catalyzes reactivation of the complex. (From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed)

(Pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide))-phosphate phosphohydrolase. A mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic removal of a phosphate on a specific seryl hydroxyl group of pyruvate dehydrogenase, reactivating the enzyme complex. EC 3.1.3.43.

An inherited metabolic disorder caused by deficient enzyme activity in the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX, resulting in deficiency of acetyl CoA and reduced synthesis of acetylcholine. Two clinical forms are recognized: neonatal and juvenile. The neonatal form is a relatively common cause of lactic acidosis in the first weeks of life and may also feature an erythematous rash. The juvenile form presents with lactic acidosis, alopecia, intermittent ATAXIA; SEIZURES; and an erythematous rash. (From J Inherit Metab Dis 1996;19(4):452-62) Autosomal recessive and X-linked forms are caused by mutations in the genes for the three different enzyme components of this multisubunit pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. One of the mutations at Xp22.2-p22.1 in the gene for the E1 alpha component of the complex leads to LEIGH DISEASE.

The specific patterns of POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN MODIFICATION of HISTONES, i.e. histone ACETYLATION; METHYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; and ubiquitination, at specific amino acid residues, that are involved in assembly, maintenance, and modification of different chromatin structural states, such as EUCHROMATIN and HETEROCHROMATIN.

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