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Optimization of process using carboxymethyl chitosan for the removal of mixed heavy metals from aqueous streams.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Optimization of process using carboxymethyl chitosan for the removal of mixed heavy metals from aqueous streams."

This paper highlights the efficacy of carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCh), a bio-degradable water-soluble derivative of chitosan for the separation of a mixture of heavy metal ions such as copper, nickel, zinc and lead from aqueous streams, as they constitute, the major industrial pollutants present in wastewater. The experimental studies are conducted using commercially available ultrafiltration module using synthetic solutions of the contaminants. The design of experiments was performed by Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with split-plot D-optimal design. Parametric studies were carried out using initial pH of the feed solution, loading ratio (P/M) and initial metal ion concentration to assess the percentage rejection and recovery of metal ions. The maximum percentage rejection of Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Pb(II) with CMCh were found to be 100%, 100%, 95%, and 98% respectively under optimum conditions. Subsequently the metal ions were recovered collectively by reversing the pH to 2. The results show that CMCh could be an effective size enhancing species for the removal and recovery of mixture of metals by SEUF.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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