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The interaction of keratocytes with extracellular matrix components plays an important role in the maintenance of corneal transparency and shape as well as in the healing of corneal wounds. In particular, the interaction of these cells with collagen and cell-mediated collagen contraction contribute to wound closure. Endo180 is a receptor for collagen that mediates its cellular internalization. We have now examined the role of Endo180 in collagen contraction mediated by corneal fibroblasts (activated keratocytes). Antibodies to Endo180 inhibited the contractile activity of mouse corneal fibroblasts embedded in a three-dimensional collagen gel and cultured in the presence of serum, with this effect being both concentration and time dependent and essentially complete at an antibody concentration of 0.2 μg/ml. Whereas corneal fibroblasts cultured in a collagen gel manifested a flattened morphology with prominent stress fibers under control conditions, they showed a spindlelike shape with few stress fibers in the presence of antibodies to Endo180. Antibodies to Endo180 had no effect on the expression of α-smooth muscle actin or the extent of collagen degradation in collagen gel cultures of corneal fibroblasts. Immunohistofluorescence analysis did not detect the expression of Endo180 in the unwounded mouse cornea. However, Endo180 expression was detected in keratocytes migrating into the wound area at 3 days after a corneal incisional injury. Together, our results suggest that Endo180 is required for the contraction of collagen matrix mediated by corneal fibroblasts and that its expression in these cells may contribute to the healing of corneal stromal wounds.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Experimental eye research
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An integrin found on fibroblasts, platelets, endothelial and epithelial cells, and lymphocytes where it functions as a receptor for COLLAGEN and LAMININ. Although originally referred to as the collagen receptor, it is one of several receptors for collagen. Ligand binding to integrin alpha2beta1 triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling, including activation of p38 MAP kinase.
A fibrillar collagen found widely distributed as a minor component in tissues that contain COLLAGEN TYPE I and COLLAGEN TYPE III. It is a heterotrimeric molecule composed of alpha1(V), alpha2(V) and alpha3(V) subunits. Several forms of collagen type V exist depending upon the composition of the subunits that form the trimer.
A fibril-associated collagen usually found crosslinked to the surface of COLLAGEN TYPE II fibrils. It is a heterotrimer containing alpha1(IX), alpha2(IX) and alpha3(IX) subunits.
A fibrillar collagen found primarily in interstitial CARTILAGE. Collagen type XI is heterotrimer containing alpha1(XI), alpha2(XI) and alpha3(XI) subunits.
A non-fibrillar collagen that forms a network of MICROFIBRILS within the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. The alpha subunits of collagen type VI assemble into antiparallel, overlapping dimers which then align to form tetramers.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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