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Respiratory complex I - Mechanistic insights and advances in structure determination.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Respiratory complex I - Mechanistic insights and advances in structure determination."

Complex I is the largest and most intricate redox-driven proton pump of the respiratory chain. The structure of bacterial and mitochondrial complex I has been determined by X-ray crystallography and cryo-EM at increasing resolution. The recent cryo-EM structures of the complex I-like NDH complex and membrane bound hydrogenase open a new and more comprehensive perspective on the complex I superfamily. Functional studies and molecular modeling approaches have greatly advanced our understanding of the catalytic cycle of complex I. However, the molecular mechanism by which energy is extracted from the redox reaction and utilized to drive proton translocation is unresolved and a matter of ongoing debate. Here, we review progress in structure determination and functional characterization of complex I and discuss current mechanistic models.

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Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Bioenergetics
ISSN: 1879-2650
Pages: 148153

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