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The GBS/ATM overlap is characterized by the simultaneous occurrence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and acute transverse myelitis (ATM), which are two neurological autoimmune disorders. In this context, cat scratch disease (CSD) was rarely reported combined with this overlap. An adult female presenting fever, back pain, inferior limb weakness, and anuria was admitted to our hospital. On the physical exam, a distended bladder and bilateral lymphadenopathy were observed. The neurological assessment revealed muscle weakness, plantar flexion, and hyporeflexia in right with absence in left. Also, she reported hyperalgesia in inferior limbs. Her blood pressure was fluctuating being in the majority of the time hypertensive. A spinal cord MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) was suggestive of transverse myelitis. Methylprednisolone was started. The cerebrospinal fluid showed 37.0 cells/mm3 of white blood cell count, 49 mg/dl of glucose, and 50.7 mg/dl of protein. Ceftriaxone and vancomycin were started. On further questioning, the subject stated that her finger was bitten by a cat about two weeks before the beginning of the symptoms. Serological tests were positive for Bartonella henselae. Doxycycline and rifampin were started. After one-month, her symptoms improve but she continued with a radicular pain and weakness. An EMG (electroneuromyography) was suggestive of demyelination. IVIG (intravenous immunoglobulin) was started. After IVIG 4-day, the patient had recovery of her strength. To the authors' knowledge, there are two case reports of pediatric individuals linking CSD and GBS/ATM. Still, this association in an adult patient has not been reported until the present moment.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Prague medical report
Guillain-Barré syndrome is a monophasic disease characterized by acute polyradiculoneuropathy.
To compare disease course in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) with a poor prognosis who were treated with one or with two intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) courses.
To analyze the clinical phenotypes and features of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in our hospital and explore the diagnostic value of the Brighton criteria.
This prospective cohort investigation analyzed the long-term functional and neurologic outcomes of patients with Zika virus-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in Barranquilla, Colombia.
Findings from studies of the association between Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) are inconsistent. I conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the natur...
The study participants are patients which have been diagnosed with Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) and are planned to receive treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). IVIg is a sta...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether early mechanical ventilation can prevent hospital acquired pneumonia in adults with Guillain Barré Syndrome.
This study is a multi center, open-label, study of ANX005 in combination with IVIg in subjects diagnosed with GBS.
The goal of this research study is to determine whether it is safe and practical to give CK0801 (a cord-blood derived T-regulatory cell product) to patients with Guillain-Barré Syndrome (...
ISCoPE-TM will use intra spinal monitoring techniques to assess cord perfusion and metabolism in patients with severe spinal cord damage from transverse myelitis
A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS in combination with acute MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE. Demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions form in one or both optic nerves and in the spinal cord. The onset of optic neuritis and myelitis may be simultaneous or separated by several months. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996 Apr;60(4):382-387)
Inflammation of a transverse portion of the spinal cord characterized by acute or subacute segmental demyelination or necrosis. The condition may occur sporadically, follow an infection or vaccination, or present as a paraneoplastic syndrome (see also ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED). Clinical manifestations include motor weakness, sensory loss, and incontinence. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1242-6)
Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)
Rare congenital disorder with multiple anomalies including: characteristic dysmorphic craniofacial features, musculoskeletal abnormalities, neurocognitive delay, and high prevalence of cancer. Germline mutations in H-Ras protein can cause Costello syndrome. Costello syndrome shows early phenotypic overlap with other disorders that involve MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM (e.g., NOONAN SYNDROME and cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome).
Autoimmune disorders are conditions that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders. Normally the immune system's white blood cells help protect ...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...