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Asphyxiating thoracic dysplasia (ATD) represents a heterogeneous group of skeletal dysplasias with short ribs, narrow chest and reduced thoracic capacity. Mutations in several genes including IFT80, DYNC2H1, TTC21B and WDR19 have been found in patients with ATD. Both severe and milder course of the disease were described in correlation with secondary involvement of lung's function. Two children with attenuated form of ATD are described. Their anthropometric parameters for birth weight, length and head circumference were normal but narrow thorax was observed in both of them in early infancy with chest circumference < -3 SD (standard deviation) in comparison to age related controls. The postnatal adaptation and development of both children was uneventful except for mild tachypnoea in one of them which persisted till the age of 6 months. In both children, radiographs revealed narrow upper half of the chest with shorter ribs and atypical configuration of pelvis with horizontally running acetabula and coarse internal edges typical for ATD. Molecular analyses using whole exome sequencing in one family revealed that the patient is compound heterozygote in DYNC2H1 gene for a frame-shift mutation c.4458delT resulting in premature stop-codon p.Phe1486Leufs*11 and a missense mutation c.9044A>G (p.Asp3015Gly). The second family refused the DNA analysis. Regular monitoring of anthropometric parameters during childhood is of big importance both in health and disease. In addition, measurement of the chest circumference should be included, at least at birth and during infancy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Prague medical report
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