Topics

Identification, Characterization, and Evaluation of Novel Stripe Rust-Resistant Wheat- Chromosome Translocation Lines.

07:00 EST 13th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Identification, Characterization, and Evaluation of Novel Stripe Rust-Resistant Wheat- Chromosome Translocation Lines."

Stripe rust is an important disease in wheat, and development of genetic resistance in cultivars is an effective approach to control the disease. Wild species of wheat, such as , are an excellent gene source for wheat improvement. In this study, two stripe rust-resistant wheat- chromosome translocation lines, CH4131 and CH4132, were characterized by cytogenetic and pathological methods. The introgressed chromosome fragment was tagged using amplified fragment-length polymorphism-derived sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers and intron targeting markers, indicating that CH4131 and CH4132 both possess a homologous group 3 chromatin of . Genomic in situ hybridization results suggested that a very small chromosome segment was translocated to the terminal region of wheat 1BS for both lines, forming a configuration of T3Ai-1BS.1BL. The two translocation lines were resistant to stripe rust, and the resistance gene, temporarily designated , was likely derived from . The translocated chromosome fragments have no genetic linkage drag to agronomic performance. The grain quality indexes of these two translocations were higher than local wheat varieties. Therefore, CH4131 and CH4132 could be used as potential gene sources in wheat improvement programs. The SCAR markers are useful to select stripe rust resistance from .

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Plant disease
ISSN: 0191-2917
Pages: PDIS01190001RE

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16296 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Evaluation of a global spring wheat panel for stripe rust: Resistance loci validation and novel resources identification.

Stripe rust (incited by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) is airborne wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) disease with dynamic virulence evolution. Thus, anticipatory and continued screening in hotspot re...

Wheat-associated microbiota and their correlation with stripe rust reaction.

This study was aimed at revealing the composition of microbiota in leaves, roots and rhizosphere soil of wheat plants that are resistant or susceptible to stripe rust, one of the most widely destructi...

Identification and characterization of a new stripe rust resistance gene Yr83 on rye chromosome 6R in wheat.

A physical map of Secale cereale chromosome 6R was constructed using deletion mapping, and a new stripe rust resistance gene Yr83 was mapped to the deletion bin of FL 0.73-1.00 of 6RL. Rye (Secale cer...

An ancestral NB-LRR with duplicated 3'UTRs confers stripe rust resistance in wheat and barley.

Wheat stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is a global threat to wheat production. Aegilops tauschii, one of the wheat progenitors, carries the YrAS2388 locus for resistan...

Genome-Wide Linkage Mapping Reveals Stripe Rust Resistance in Common Wheat () Xinong1376.

Stripe rust, also known as yellow rust, is a significant threat to wheat yield worldwide. Adult plant resistance (APR) is the preferred way to obtain durable protection. Chinese winter wheat cultivar ...

Clinical Trials [5751 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Resistant Starch Wheat for Improved Metabolic Health

The objective of this study is to determine the effect of wheat enriched in resistant starch (RS) on the generation of fermentation products by the lower gut microbes, the fecal microbiota...

Effect of Resistant Wheat Starch on Subjective Appetite and Food Intake in Healthy Adults

A randomized, single-blind, cross-over study was conducted to determine the effect of replacing standard wheat flour (SWF) with resistant wheat starch (RWS) on markers of appetite and food...

Resistant Starch on Glycemic Response in Older Adults

The purpose of this study was to determine how blood glucose changes after eating energy bars containing resistant starch type 4 compared with bars made with puffed wheat in healthy older ...

Outcome of Specific IgE Level in Children With IgE-mediated Wheat Allergy After Stop Using Wheat Containing Skin Care

Wheat allergy is increasing in Thailand. Some studies show that cutaneous exposure of allergen may cause allergy and there are many wheat containing skin care products that are over-the-co...

Accuracy Of Skin Prick Test Using In-house Wheat Extract For The Diagnosis Of IgE-mediated Wheat Allergy: A Pilot Study

Nowadays, commercial wheat extract is widely accessible, and is used for skin prick test for wheat allergy. However, commercial wheat extracted for skin prick test have less precise test r...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.

A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of wheat grain. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.

Lectins purified from the germinating seeds of common wheat (Triticum vulgare); these bind to certain carbohydrate moieties on cell surface glycoproteins and are used to identify certain cell populations and inhibit or promote some immunological or physiological activities. There are at least two isoforms of this lectin.

A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.

Strains of the genus Enterococcus that are resistant to the antibiotic VANCOMYCIN. The enterococci become resistant by acquiring plasmids carrying genes for VANCOMYCIN RESISTANCE.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...


Searches Linking to this Article