Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Hematopoietic cell kinase (HCK) is an SRC family member that is aberrantly upregulated in B-cell neoplasms dependent on MYD88-activating mutations and supports their growth and survival. We showed herein that activation of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in MYD88 wild-type B cells also triggered HCK expression, denoting on path regulatory function for HCK by MYD88. To clarify the signaling cascades responsible for aberrant HCK expression in MYD88-mutated B-cell lymphomas, we performed promoter-binding transcription factor (TF) profiling, PROMO weighted TF consensus binding motif analysis, and chromatin immunoprecipitation studies. We identified PAX5, and the mutated MYD88 downstream signaling mediators STAT3, NF-κB, and AP-1, as important drivers of HCK transcription. Knockdown of PAX5, a crucial regulatory factor required for B-cell commitment and identity, abrogated HCK transcription in MYD88-mutated lymphoma cells. Among AP-1 complex components, JunB showed greatest relevance to TLR/MYD88 signaling and HCK transcription regulation. In MYD88-mutated Waldenström macroglobulinemia and activated B-cell-diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cells, knockdown of MYD88 reduced phosphorylation of JunB but not c-Jun, and knockdown of JunB reduced HCK protein levels. Deletion of STAT3, NF-κB, and AP-1 binding sites reduced corresponding TFs binding and HCK promoter activity. Moreover, inhibitors to STAT3, NF-κB, and AP-1 reduced HCK promoter activity and messenger RNA levels, particularly in combination, in MYD88-mutated lymphoma cells. The findings provide new insights into the transcriptional regulation of HCK prosurvival signaling by mutated MYD88, and the importance of JunB as a downstream mediator of the MYD88-directed signaling apparatus.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Blood advances
One of the most frequently mutated proteins in human B-lineage leukemia is the transcription factor PAX5. These mutations often result in partial rather than complete loss of function of the transcrip...
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disease and involves the loss of articular cartilage integrity, formation of articular osteophytes, remodeling of subchondral bone, and synovi...
Fluoride is known to affect the inflammatory process and autoregulation of immune responses, but the molecular mechanism by which fluoride causes innate immune injury remain largely unknown. Also, stu...
Thy28, also known as ThyN1, is a highly conserved nuclear protein. We previously showed that in a chicken mature B cell line, Thy28 binds to the promoter of the gene encoding Pax5, a transcription fac...
Mutations in MYD88 cause susceptibility to invasive bacterial infections through impaired signaling downstream of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and IL-1 receptors. We studied a patient presenting with ne...
Background:Altered Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression levels and/or mutations in its signaling pathway (such as MyD88 mutation) contribute to the pathogenesis of lymphoproliferative disor...
Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is caused by loss of FMR1 expression on the X chromosome that leads to increased mRNA translation, which results in hyperactivation of ERK (extracellular signal-re...
The present study is based on hypotheses that some as yet unknown genetic factors may result in recurrent miscarriage (RM). Consequently, the main aim of this study was to gain new informa...
The investigators are examining the activation of insulin signaling factors in skeletal muscles of human diabetics. The investigators are characterizing the defects in signaling, and are e...
Early Access Program (EAP) of Gilteritinib (ASP2215) in Patients With FMS-like Tyrosine Kinase 3 (FLT3) Mutated Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or With FLT3-Mutated AML in Complete Remission (CR) With Minimal Residual Disease (MRD)
The purpose of this study is to provide expanded access to gilteritinib (ASP2215) for patients with FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3)-mutated relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia ...
An intracellular signaling system involving the MAP kinase cascades (three-membered protein kinase cascades). Various upstream activators, which act in response to extracellular stimuli, trigger the cascades by activating the first member of a cascade, MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES; (MAPKKKs). Activated MAPKKKs phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES which in turn phosphorylate the MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES; (MAPKs). The MAPKs then act on various downstream targets to affect gene expression. In mammals, there are several distinct MAP kinase pathways including the ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) pathway, the SAPK/JNK (stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun kinase) pathway, and the p38 kinase pathway. There is some sharing of components among the pathways depending on which stimulus originates activation of the cascade.
A Janus kinase subtype that is involved in signaling from a broad variety of CYTOKINE RECEPTORS. The TYK2 kinase is considered the founding member of the janus kinase family and was initially discovered as a signaling partner for the INTERFERON ALPHA-BETA RECEPTOR. The kinase has since been shown to signal from several INTERLEUKIN RECEPTORS.
A complex signaling pathway whose name is derived from the DROSOPHILA Wg gene, which when mutated results in the wingless phenotype, and the vertebrate INT gene, which is located near integration sites of MOUSE MAMMARY TUMOR VIRUS. The signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of WNT PROTEINS to cells surface WNT RECEPTORS which interact with the AXIN SIGNALING COMPLEX and an array of second messengers that influence the actions of BETA CATENIN.
A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways including the CELL CYCLE, membrane trafficking, and RNA processing. In DROSOPHILA casein kinase Ialpha has been in regulation of Hedghog and Wingless signaling pathways. Multiple isoforms of casein kinase Ialpha exist and are due ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.
A receptor tyrosine kinase that is involved in HEMATOPOIESIS. It is closely related to FMS PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN and is commonly mutated in acute MYELOID LEUKEMIA.