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von Willebrand factor binding to myosin assists in coagulation.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "von Willebrand factor binding to myosin assists in coagulation."

von Willebrand factor (VWF) binds to platelets and collagen as a means of facilitating coagulation at sites of injury. Recent evidence has shown that myosin can serve as a surface for thrombin generation and binds to activated factor V and factor X. We studied whether VWF can also bind myosin as a means of bringing factor VIII (FVIII) to sites of clot formation. A myosin-binding assay was developed using skeletal muscle myosin to measure VWF binding, and plasma-derived and recombinant VWF containing molecular disruptions at key VWF sites were tested. Competition assays were performed using anti-VWF antibodies. FVIII binding to myosin was measured using a chromogenic FVIII substrate. Thrombin generation was measured using a fluorogenic substrate with and without myosin. Wild-type recombinant VWF and human plasma VWF from healthy controls bound myosin, whereas plasma lacking VWF exhibited no detectable myosin binding. Binding was multimer dependent and blocked by anti-VWF A1 domain antibodies or A1 domain VWF variants. The specific residues involved in myosin binding were similar, but not identical, to those required for collagen IV binding. FVIII did not bind myosin directly, but FVIII activity was detected when VWF and FVIII were bound to myosin. Myosin enhanced thrombin generation in platelet-poor plasma, although no difference was detected with the addition of myosin to platelet-rich plasma. Myosin may help to facilitate delivery of FVIII to sites of injury and indirectly accelerate thrombin generation by providing a surface for VWF binding in the setting of trauma and myosin exposure.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Blood advances
ISSN: 2473-9537
Pages: 174-180

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