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Cataracts can limit a person's ability to perform vision-dependent tasks safely, affecting the quality of life of older people. This study examines the relationship between visual function and driving, by studying which visual parameters might be important for predicting driving performance in older drivers with and without cataracts, ascertaining whether the objective measurement of intraocular scattering should be considered in assessment procedures for older drivers. This cross-sectional study involved a total of 20 older drivers (10 patients with bilateral cataracts and 10 control subjects). All participants were examined for visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, visual discrimination capacity, and intraocular scattering. Driving performance was also tested using a driving simulator. To study the relationship between visual parameters and driving performance, a correlation analysis and regression model were used. Drivers with cataracts showed a significantly impaired (p<0.05) visual function, with an Objective Scattering Index (OSI) 3.5 times greater than the control group. Driving performance was also significantly worse (p<0.05) in drivers with cataracts, reflected by a notable deterioration in lane keeping. The correlation analysis showed significant associations between driving performance and all the visual parameters studied. Finally, the regression model revealed that the OSI was the best predictor of driving performance, accounting for 51.3% of its variance. Visual function and driving performance are markedly deteriorated when cataracts are present. Our results demonstrate that the objective scattering index (OSI) has a high predictive power when it comes to simulated driving performance in older drivers, both with and without cataracts, suggesting that scatter measurements could be important in helping better understand visual limitations in older drivers.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Community centers for older adults and providers of resources for the community. In addition to providing services and activities for older adults that reflect the community's diversity, they link participants with resources offered by other agencies.
Scattering of a beam of electromagnetic or acoustic RADIATION, or particles, at small angles by particles or cavities whose dimensions are many times as large as the wavelength of the radiation or the de Broglie wavelength of the scattered particles. Also know as low angle scattering. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed) Small angle scattering (SAS) techniques, small angle neutron (SANS), X-ray (SAXS), and light (SALS, or just LS) scattering, are used to characterize objects on a nanoscale.
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