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Food insecurity and dietary diversity among lactating mothers in the urban municipality in the mountains of Nepal.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Food insecurity and dietary diversity among lactating mothers in the urban municipality in the mountains of Nepal."

Adequate nutrition is essential during the lactation period for better maternal and child health outcomes. Although food insecurity and dietary monotony (defined as less diverse diet), two important determinants of undernutrition, are endemic in the rural mountains of Nepal, insufficiently examined and assessed for risk factors in mothers during lactation, a life stage of high nutritional demand. This study aimed to assess the status and factors associated with food insecurity and dietary diversity among lactating mothers residing in the mountains of Nepal.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0227873

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MONOSACCHARIDES and DISACCHARIDES present in food, such as those present in fruits and vegetables and milk products, or those added to food such as DIETARY SUCROSE (table sugar) or HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP.

Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.

A pattern of food consumption adopted mainly by the people of North America and Western Europe. It is mainly characterized by high intake of MEAT, processed grains, DIETARY SUGARS, DAIRY PRODUCTS, and DIETARY FATS.

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