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Since 2010, Indonesian government has initiated a chronic disease management program, Prolanis (Program Pengendalian Penyakit Kronis) targeted for diabetes and hypertension. The program is continued at the commencement of universal health coverage (UHC) in 2014. "This study aimed to report the utilization and cost of the implementation of Prolanis in Indonesia from 2014 to 2016, or two years since the commencement of Indonesian universal health coverage." Secondary data analysis was performed using publicly available data and data obtained from the national health insurance agency (BPJS); while data on disease prevalence were collected from basic national health survey. There was an increase trend of Prolanis participants, from around 11,000 participants in 2014 to more than 250,000 in 2016. More than 70% of participants were adults living in Java, however, the acceptance rate was very low in other area. Across different activities in Prolanis, physical activity was the most participated ones. In comparison to other regions, regions in Java were the most active area. The total expenditure for Prolanis program in 2016 increased almost triple from the annual cost in 2014. However, the cost per person was actually decreased more than 50%. Within two years of UHC implementation, there were increase covered participants and total costs, but cost per individual was decreased and there was significant difference in of cost between Java and outside Java. Further study and routine monitoring-evaluation process by health authority is needed to assess whether the cost difference would affect the service quality.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.
Assistants to a veterinarian, biological or biomedical researcher, or other scientist who are engaged in the care and management of animals, and who are trained in basic principles of animal life processes and routine laboratory and animal health care procedures. (Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
The active alterations of vascular wall structures, often leading to elevated VASCULAR RESISTANCE. It is associated with AGING; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; HYPERTENSION; PREGNANCY; PULMONARY HYPERTENSION; and STROKE, but is also a normal part of EMBRYOGENESIS.
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