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The acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBP) act by regulating the availability of acyl-CoA in the cytoplasm and must have essential functions in lipid metabolism. The genome of the kissing-bug Rhodnius prolixus encodes five proteins of this family, but little is known about them. In this study we investigated the expression and function of RpACBP-5. Feeding induced RpACBP-5 gene expression in the posterior midgut, and an increase of about four times was observed two days after the blood meal. However, the amount of protein, which was only detected in this organ, did not change during digestion. The RpACBP-5 gene was also highly expressed in pre-vitellogenic and vitellogenic oocytes. Recombinant RpACBP-5 was shown to bind to acyl-CoA of different lengths, and it exhibited nanomolar affinity to lauroyl-CoA in an isothermal titration assay, indicating that RpACBP-5 is a functional ACBP. RpACBP-5 knockdown by RNA interference did not affect digestion, egg laying and hatching, survival, or accumulation of triacylglycerol in the fat body and oocytes. Similarly, double knockdown of RpACBP-1 and RpACBP-5 did not alter egg laying and hatching, survival, accumulation of triacylglycerol in the fat body and oocytes, or the neutral lipid composition of the posterior midgut or hemolymph. These results show that RpACBP-5 is a functional ACBP but indicate that the lack of a detectable phenotype in the knockdown insects may be a consequence of functional overlap of the proteins of the ACBP family found in the insect.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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An NAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] to trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein]. It has a preference for acyl groups with a carbon chain length between 4 to 16.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] to trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] in the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway. It has a preference for acyl derivatives with carbon chain length from 4 to 16.
An enzyme of long-chain fatty acid synthesis, that adds a two-carbon unit from malonyl-(acyl carrier protein) to another molecule of fatty acyl-(acyl carrier protein), giving a beta-ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) with the release of carbon dioxide. EC 188.8.131.52.
A basic leucine zipper transcription factor that regulates expression of MHC CLASS II GENES through its binding to a conserved X-box DNA sequence in the promoter region. It regulates the expression of genes involved in the UNFOLDED PROTEIN RESPONSE.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...