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Photoperiod is considered the most dominant environmental cue allowing animals to anticipate and adapt to seasonal changes. In seasonally breeding mammals, changes in daylength alter pineal melatonin secretion and pituitary prolactin secretion. During the seasonal transition to shorter winter daylengths, increased production of melatonin and declining prolactin are associated with triggering winter coat growth in many animals. Similarly, studies have shown that artificial extension of photoperiod suppresses melatonin secretion and lifts prolactin inhibition to activate moulting. Four longitudinal cohort studies were conducted to determine if extended photoperiod and warmth, provided by mobile light masks and rugs (horse blankets), could reverse the onset of winter coat growth, maintain the summer coat and accelerate winter coat shedding in horses and in ponies. Studies began at dates corresponding to the autumnal equinox, one month post-summer solstice, one month pre-winter solstice and one month post-winter solstice, respectively. To extend photoperiod to approximately 15h of light, commercially available head-worn light masks provided low intensity blue light to one eye until 11pm daily. Coat condition and shedding rate were scored and hair samples collected, measured and weighed bi-weekly. Data from control and treatment groups were analysed by repeated measures ANOVA. Results revealed that extended photoperiod 1) did not reverse winter coat growth when initiated at the autumnal equinox, 2) effectively maintained the summer coat in stabled horses when initiated one month post-summer solstice, 3) accelerated shedding in outdoor living horses when initiated one month pre-winter solstice and 4) did not accelerate shedding in indoor or outdoor living ponies when initiated one month post-winter solstice. To successfully manage equine coat growth while also preserving optimal thermoregulation in both competition and breeding stock correct timing of light application is crucial and requires careful monitoring of environmental temperature. Further studies are needed where variations in breed and management are considered.
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Blood l-lactate and glucose concentrations were higher in ponies with gastrointestinal disease than in horses, possibly because of differences in body condition (BC).
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This letter is intended to clarify misconceptions in the consumer world on the alleged side effects of niacinamide (Nam) on hair growth properties. It is important that the overall body of evidence re...
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Excessive hair growth at inappropriate locations, such as on the extremities, the head, and the back. It is caused by genetic or acquired factors, and is an androgen-independent process. This concept does not include HIRSUTISM which is an androgen-dependent excess hair growth in WOMEN and CHILDREN.
A fibroblast growth factor that may play a role in regulation of HAIR FOLLICLE phenotype. Spontaneous mutation of the gene for this protein results in a strain of MICE with abnormally long hair, referred to as angora mice.
Diseases affecting the orderly growth and persistence of hair.
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