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In a companion paper, we requested the Judicial Commission to correct the type strain of from ATCC 15468 to NCMB 74 (=ATCC 23309). Correction of this error on the 1980 Approved Lists by an Opinion of the Judicial Commission will remove the status of the name as a junior objective synonym of . This is important because the scientific community continues to use the name almost exclusively instead of . However, the corrective action of this Opinion will cause a new problem. and will then become objective synonyms because both species will have the same type strain NCMB 74, and would have priority because it was published first (1890 vs. 1987). Thus, rather than would become the correct name for DNA hybridization group 6. has had a very confusing history since it was first described as by Zimmermann in 1890. It was without a type strain for over 50 years, and unfortunately, has had an incorrect type strain for some 40 years. The name as a bacterial species has been used incorrectly in the literature very frequently, either based on the wrong type strain or with the wrong definition or circumscription. The name is not accepted or used by most specialists who study and publish scientific papers and reviews on . Under the heading '' Rule 56a of the Bacterial Code states reasons why the Judicial Commission can reject a name, the first is: '(1) An ambiguous name (), i.e., a name which has been used with different meanings and thus has become a source of error'. Rule 56a gives the Judicial Commission authority to place names on the list of rejected names. Our analysis of its history leads us to state unequivocally that currently is, and has been throughout the vast majority of its history, an ambiguous name. After considering all the possible alternatives and their consequences we request the Judicial Commission to go against the rules of priority; to invoke case (1) of Rule 56a, and issue an Opinion conserving over ; and to place the name on the list of rejected names. We argue that these actions will give instant stability to a complex and confusing situation by making rather than the correct name for ' DNA hybridization group 6', an association that is almost universally accepted by the scientific community as reflected in the literature.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
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