Topics

Osimertinib in patients with advanced/metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer - the Belgian ASTRIS data.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Osimertinib in patients with advanced/metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer - the Belgian ASTRIS data."

: The aim of ASTRIS, a real-world study, was to assess the safety and efficacy of osimertinib in patients with locally advanced or metastatic (stage IIIB-IV) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had received prior EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. Here, we describe the Belgian subset of the global ASTRIS study.: Patients received osimertinib orally as one 80 mg tablet once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Socio-demographic data, medical history, disease progression and survival status were collected and molecular testing for EGFR status was performed. Safety was also assessed. All collected data were summarized using descriptive statistics.: Of the 31 Belgian patients enrolled in the study, 9 (29.0%) discontinued treatment for disease progression and 5 (16.1%) due to other reasons. Among the 31 patients treated with osimertinib, 16 (51.6%, 95% CI 33.1-69.8) had a clinical response and 13 (41.9%) had stable disease as best response assessed by the investigator, with a disease control rate of 93.5%. The clinical response rate was 66.7% (6/9) in patients with brain/leptomeningeal metastases and 50.0% (4/8) in patients without brain/leptomeningeal metastases. About one third of the patients (11/31) reported at least one adverse event (AE) (35.5%) or serious AE (10/31; 32.3%) and 3/31 (9.7%) patients discontinued treatment due to AEs.: We here demonstrate the effectiveness of osimertinib in a real-world setting in Belgian patients with locally advanced or metastatic T790M-positive NSCLC who had received previous EGFR-TKI treatment. No new safety signals were identified.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Acta clinica Belgica
ISSN: 2295-3337
Pages: 1-8

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [38863 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Osimertinib for patients with leptomeningeal metastases associated with epidermal growth factor receptor T790M positive advanced NSCLC: the AURA LM analysis.

Osimertinib has shown promising activity in patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LM) from epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) positive NSCLC at 160 mg once daily (qd) (BLOOM; NCT02228369). We ...

ERK inhibition effectively overcomes acquired resistance of epidermal growth factor receptor-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer cells to osimertinib.

Osimertinib (AZD9291), a third-generation, mutation-selective epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI), is an approved drug for patients who have non-small-cell lun...

Metformin sensitized NSCLC cells to Osimertinib via AMPK-dependent autophagy inhibition.

The third generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor osimertinib is a promising therapeutic option for patients with advanced NSCLC in second-line or first-line treatment due to its ...

Epidermal growth factor receptor mutation analysis in tissue and plasma from the AURA3 trial: Osimertinib versus platinum-pemetrexed for T790M mutation-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

This study assesses different technologies for detecting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations from circulating tumor DNA in patients with EGFR T790M-positive advanced non-small cell lung ...

Osimertinib in Patients With Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer and Leptomeningeal Metastases: The BLOOM Study.

In this phase I study (BLOOM), osimertinib, a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), was evaluated in patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LMs) f...

Clinical Trials [17837 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Study of Osimertinib With and Without Ramucirumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of osimertinib plus ramucirumab versus osimertinib alone using progression free survival (PFS). Events associated with PFS in...

A Study of Osimertinib With or Without Chemotherapy as 1st Line Treatment in Patients With Mutated Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (FLAURA2)

The reason for the study is to find out if an experimental combination of an oral medication called osimertinib (TAGRISSO®) when used in combination with chemotherapy is more effective th...

PD-L1 and Other Immuno-markers Influenced by Osimertinib Treatment in Advanced NSCLC Patients

The study will investigate whether PD-L1 and other immuno-markers will be influenced by osimertinib treatment in advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)T790M positive advanced...

A Study of Tepotinib Plus Osimertinib in Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR ) Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor (TKI) Relapsed Mesenchymal-epithelial Transition Factor (MET) Amplified Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

This study will assess the antitumor activity, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of the MET inhibitor tepotinib combined with the 3rd generation EGFR inhibitor osimertinib in...

First-line Treatment With Osimertinib in EGFR-mutated Non-small Cell Lung Cancer, Coupled to Extensive Translational Studies

Phase II, single-arm study to assess the safety and efficacy of osimertinib (80 mg, orally, once daily) as first-line therapy in patients with EGFR mutation-positive, locally advanced or m...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.

A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA, amphiregulin, and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.

Factor isolated in a variety of tissues including epithelium, and maternal decidua. It is closely related to EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and binds to the EGF receptor. TGF-alpha acts synergistically with TGF-beta in inducing phenotypic transformation, but its physiological role is unknown.

Mucocellular carcinoma of the ovary, usually metastatic from the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by areas of mucoid degeneration and the presence of signet-ring-like cells. It accounts for 30%-40% of metastatic cancers to the ovaries and possibly 1%-2% of all malignant ovarian tumors. The lesions may not be discovered until the primary disease is advanced, and most patients die of their disease within a year. In some cases, a primary tumor is not found. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1685)

A well-characterized neutral peptide believed to be secreted by the LIVER and to circulate in the BLOOD. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like and mitogenic activities. The growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on SOMATOTROPIN. It is believed to be a major fetal growth factor in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR I, which is a major growth factor in adults.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Gilotrif (afatinib)
GILOTRIF (afatinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletions or exon 21 (L8...


Searches Linking to this Article