Topics

An Investigation of Habitual Dietary Supplement Use Among 557 NCAA Division I Athletes.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An Investigation of Habitual Dietary Supplement Use Among 557 NCAA Division I Athletes."

Supplements may expose athletes to dangerous ingredients, banned substances, toxins or contaminants; however, few investigations assess use among collegiate athletes in the U.S. This cross-sectional study evaluated habitual dietary supplement intake, defined use ≥2 days/week over the past year, in NCAA Division I athletes. Male and female members of a NCAA Division I team, at two universities in southern California completed a 13-item survey. Among 705 eligible participants, 596 submitted surveys (84.5% response rate), 557 surveys included complete data. Chi-square (χ) analyses evaluated differences among athletes based on sex, weight status, year in college, and sport-type. Independent t-test or ANOVA evaluated mean differences for continuous variables. A total of 45.2% athletes (n = 252) reported taking supplements (≥2 days/week over the past year). Vitamin/minerals (25.5%, n = 142), protein/amino acids (24.6%, n = 137) were used most frequently. Male, vs female athletes, took more supplements overall (1.2 ± 0.1 vs 0.8 ± 0.1,  = 0.004) and indicated higher use of protein/amino acid products (34.2% vs 13.5%,  < 0.005), whereas, females reported higher use of vitamin/minerals (30.5% vs 21.1%,  < 0.05). Higher supplement use was also reported by athletes with BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m (vs <30 kg/m, 1.9 ± 0.3 vs 1.0 ± 0.1,  = 0.02), and athletes in ≥ third college year (vs first or second year, 1.2 ± 0.1 vs 0.9 ± 0.1,  = 0.03). Nearly half of NCAA athletes reported habitual supplements use, with significant variation in patterns based on sex, sport-type, year in college, and weight status.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
ISSN: 1541-1087
Pages: 1-9

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [6820 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Total and Regional Body Composition of NCAA Division I Collegiate Basketball Athletes.

This study aimed to examine body composition using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in male and female NCAA Division I collegiate basketball athletes. Two-hundred ten (male [M]/female [F]=88/122) baske...

Electrocardiogram interpretation in NCAA athletes: Comparison of the 'Seattle' and 'International' criteria.

Accurate electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation in competitive athletes requires the distinction of physiological adaptations from findings suggestive of a pathological condition. The purpose of this ...

Patterns of health behaviors affecting mental health in collegiate athletes.

To examine the association of multiple health behaviors to mental health functioning in male and female collegiate athletes. Prospective National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I ath...

Relative Age Effect in Collegiate Soccer: Influence of Nationality, Playing Position, and Class.

Hurley, E, Comstock, BA, Haile, L, and Beyer, KS. Relative age effect in collegiate soccer: influence of nationality, playing position, and class. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The purpose ...

Vitamin D Awareness and Intake in Collegiate Athletes.

Leitch, BA, Wilson, PB, Ufholz, KE, Roemmich, JN, Orysiak, J, Walch, TJ, Short, SE, and Fitzgerald, JS. Vitamin D awareness and intake in collegiate athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-...

Clinical Trials [5974 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparison of Hip Range of Motion Values Among NCAA Division II Collegiate Athletes

The purpose of this study is to compare hip passive range of motion (ROM) among division II collegiate athletes in order to obtain normative data for future research. The investigators hyp...

Diagnosis of Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm (EIB) and Asthma in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Athletes

We hypothesize that exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) at the NCAA Division I collegiate level is over diagnosed, while poorly controlled asthma resulting in exercise-related symptoms in ...

Comparing and Interactive Concussion Education Platform to Current Education Standards

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a theory-driven education platform to improve concussion-related norms and perceptions in an effort to improve studen...

Rice Germ Supplementation on Swimmers

In order to enhance the effects of training and improve performance, athletes often turn to nutritional supplements. According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), adequate s...

RCT of PEP Program to Reduce ACL Injuries in Female Collegiate Soccer Players

This research study involves implementing and evaluating a physical training program specifically designed to reduce the risk of ligamentous knee injuries in female soccer players by incor...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of green microalgae in the family Chlorellaceae. It is used as a model organism for PHOTOSYNTHESIS, and as a food supplement (DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS).

A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES during EXERCISE and ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE as well as specific NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS of ATHLETES and the relationship between NUTRITIONAL STATUS and NUTRITION DISORDERS in athletes.

An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Article