Topics

Gender differences in diversion among non-medical users of prescription opioids and sedatives.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Gender differences in diversion among non-medical users of prescription opioids and sedatives."

: Non-medical use of prescription drugs is a major public health concern in the United States. Prescription opioids and sedatives are among the most widely abused drugs and their combined use can be lethal. Increasingly rigid prescribing guidelines may contribute to the changing context of opioid use and increase drug diversion.: To examine gender differences in diversion of prescription opioids and sedatives among non-medical prescription opioid and sedative polysubstance users. We hypothesize that men will be more likely than women to engage in incoming diversion.: Data from the Prescription Drug Abuse, Misuse, and Dependence Study, a cross-sectional study focused on prescription drug users, were analyzed. Non-medical use was defined as use of a drug that was not prescribed or use in a way other than prescribed. Individuals who reported past 12-month non-medical opioid and sedative use were included; diversion was defined as incoming (obtaining drugs from a source other than a health professional) and outgoing (giving away/selling/trading prescription drugs).: Among the 198 polysubstance users, 41.4% were female. Men were 2.85 times as likely as women to report incoming diversion (95%
CI:
1.21-6.72). Women were more likely to obtain opioids from a healthcare professional; men were more likely to obtain sedatives from a roommate, coworker, or friend. Over half of men and women reported outgoing diversion opioids or sedatives.: Drug diversion highlights an important point of intervention. Current prevention efforts that target prescribers should be expanded to include users and diversion activities; these interventions should be gender-specific.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse
ISSN: 1097-9891
Pages: 1-8

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16088 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Medical Use and Misuse of Prescription Opioids in the US Adult Population: 2016-2017.

To characterize prescription opioid medical users and misusers among US adults. We used the 2016-2017 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health to compare medical prescription opioid users with misuser...

Gender differences in prescription opioid use and misuse: Implications for men's health and the opioid epidemic.

The majority of research on gender and the opioid epidemic focuses on women as patients, caregivers, or expectant mothers. However, little research approaches men as gendered subjects, despite their d...

Pattern and probability of dispensing of prescription opioids and benzodiazepines among the new users in Australia: a retrospective cohort study.

Opioids and benzodiazepines are recommended to use for a short duration. Clinicians face a challenge to appraise the risk of new users to become long-term users. This study examined the pattern and pr...

Medical use, non-medical use and use disorders of benzodiazepines and prescription opioids in adults: Differences by insurance status.

To report and analyze prevalence's of Benzodiazepines (BZDs) and Prescription Opioids (POs) use by insurance status and to investigate associations between insurance status and BZDs, POs and concurren...

Characterisation of concurrent use of prescription opioids and benzodiazepine/Z-drugs in Alberta, Canada: a population-based study.

The objective of this study is to characterise concurrent use of benzodiazepine receptor modulators and opioids among prescription opioid users in Alberta in 2017.

Clinical Trials [7029 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Discharge Opioid Education to Decrease Opioid Use After Cesarean

Background: The number of opioid overdose deaths in the United States has quadrupled in 15 years, a dramatic manifestation of the current opioid abuse epidemic. This rise parallels a sharp...

Safely Disposing of Surplus Prescription Opioids

This study evaluates two interventions intended to increase the safe disposal of leftover prescription opioids. Approximately half of participants will receive a drug disposal kit and the ...

Increased Sensitivity to Pain Caused by Opioids in People Who Have Abused Prescription Opioids

Managing pain in patients who abuse prescription opioids presents many challenges, including the development of opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). Hyperalgesia is a condition in which some...

Impact of a Free Distribution of Paracetamol to Osteoarthritic Patients on Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) and Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI) Prescription

Paracetamol is recommended as first line treatment for pain control in osteoarthritis, but it is not included in list of drugs than can be prescribed in charge of National Health System by...

Progesterone for Cannabis Withdrawal

Sex and gender differences in behavioral, biological, and clinical correlates of substance use disorders are myriad, yet there exists a dearth of gender-informed treatment options. Ovarian...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The transfer of prescription drugs from legal to illegal distribution and marketing networks.

People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.

Programs, usually run by state governments, that require pharmacists to collect and distribute data on the prescription and dispensation of CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES. They are intended to prevent the abuse of such substances by the patient, or their transfer to recreational users and drug dealers.

A marked difference between the individual’s expressed/experienced gender and the gender others would assign him or her, and it must continue for at least six months. (from DSM-5)

Individuals including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, gender non-conforming people, and other populations whose sexual orientation or GENDER IDENTITY and reproductive development is considered outside cultural, societal, or physiological norms.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Pharmacy
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...


Searches Linking to this Article