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Oral supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids and inflammation markers in patients with chronic kidney disease in hemodialysis.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Oral supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids and inflammation markers in patients with chronic kidney disease in hemodialysis."

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasingly common public health problem that increases the risk of death due to cardiovascular complications by 2-3 times compared to the general population. This research concerns a prospective, randomized, double-blind study in patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis. The participants were assigned to one of two groups: the study group (group A; 46 patients) received four capsules (2.4 g) of omega-3 fatty acids daily during the 12-week intervention, while patients in the control group (group B; 47 patients) received four capsules of paraffin oil. The patients' general characteristics, nutritional indicators, renal disease markers and inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, interleukin-10 and tumour necrosis factor alpha) were evaluated. No differences were found between the general characteristics of the patients (P <0.05), and no differences were shown in the nutritional indicators and markers of kidney disease (P <0.05). Patients in group A showed significant decreases in levels of C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha and the interleukin-10/interleukin-6 ratio after 12 weeks of supplementation (P <0.05). Patients in group B did not show any significant changes in concentrations of inflammatory markers during the intervention (P <0.05). In conclusion, oral supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids produces a significant decrease in the concentrations of inflammation markers in patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis. Novelty bullets: ●Oral supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids produced significant decreases in the concentrations of inflammation markers. ●This supplementation could be given to patients with uremic syndrome and coronary heart disease to reduce cardiovascular risk.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme
ISSN: 1715-5320
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FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.

A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.

A group of fatty acids that contain 18 carbon atoms and a double bond at the omega 9 carbon.

FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.

Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

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