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The extent of glucose metabolism during oocyte maturation is closely related to oocyte developmental potential. Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) is an α-arrestin family protein that negatively regulates glucose uptake into cells. However, little information is available regarding the function of TXNIP in bovine oocytes. Accordingly, the present study was performed to investigate the influence of TXNIP on glucose metabolism in bovine oocytes during maturation. Pharmacological inhibition of TXNIP by azaserine enhanced glucose uptake and imparted a specific metabolic effect on glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). RNA interference (RNAi) was adopted to further determine the biological significance of TXNIP in regulating glucose metabolism. The maturation rate and the developmental competence of TXNIP siRNA-treated oocytes were significantly improved. Knockdown of TXNIP in bovine oocytes significantly increased glycolysis by increasing the activities of phosphofructokinase (PFK), pyruvate kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase; pyruvate and lactate production; and intracellular ATP level, as well as mitochondrial activity. Furthermore, glucose metabolism through PPP was also enhanced by TXNIP depletion, as TXNIP siRNA treatment promotes glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) activity and NADPH content, and helped maintain a high level of glutathione and a low level of reactive oxygen species within the oocytes. Further studies revealed that inhibition of TXNIP resulted increases in GLUT1 expression, as well as and mRNA levels. These results reveal that TXNIP depletion promotes oocyte maturation by enhancing both glycolysis and the PPP. During maturation of bovine oocytes, TXNIP serves as a key regulator of glucose uptake by controlling GLUT1 expression.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism
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