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Towards a Rational Design of Polyamine-based Zinc Chelating Agents for Cancer Therapies.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Towards a Rational Design of Polyamine-based Zinc Chelating Agents for Cancer Therapies."

In vitro viability assays against a representative panel of human cancer cell lines revealed that polyamines L1a and L5a displayed remarkable activity with IC50 values in the micromolar range. Preliminary research indicated that both compounds promoted G1 cell cycle arrest followed by cellular senescence and apoptosis. The induction of apoptotic cell death involved loss of mitochondrial outer membrane permeability and activation of caspases 3/7. Interestingly, L1a and L5a failed to activate cellular DNA damage response. High intracellular zinc chelating capacity of both compounds, deduced from the metal specific Zinquin assay and ZnL2+ stability constant values in solution strongly support their cytotoxicity. These data along with quantum mechanical studies have enabled to establish a precise Structure-Activity Relationship. Moreover, L1a and L5a showed appropriate drug-likeness by in silico methods. Based on these promising results, L1a and L5a should be considered a new class of zinc-chelating anticancer agents that deserve further development.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of medicinal chemistry
ISSN: 1520-4804
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Chemicals that bind to and remove ions from solutions. Many chelating agents function through the formation of COORDINATION COMPLEXES with METALS.

An approach, process, or methodology which emphasizes credible evidence and the best available scientific knowledge, judiciously integrated to achieve the best possible outcomes in structural design. For example, the design of a new OUTPATIENT CLINIC might incorporate a review of published research on outpatient clinic design, decisions on similar past projects, along with interviews with staff and consumers.

A chelating agent (CHELATING AGENTS) that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive.

The degree of 3-dimensional shape similarity between proteins. It can be an indication of distant AMINO ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY and used for rational DRUG DESIGN.

The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.

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