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The chemical oxidation of dissolved Mn(II) to Mn(III/IV) oxides (MnO) can lead to the accumulation of Mn deposits in drinking water distribution systems. However, Mn(II) oxidation by free chlorine is quite slow under mild conditions (e.g., pH 7.7 and 1.0 mg/L Cl). This study found a significant role for Cu(II) in Mn(II) oxidation under conditions relevant to the supply of chlorinated drinking water. At pH 7.7, dissolved Cu(II) accelerated Mn(II) oxidation more than 10 times with a dose of 20 μg/L. Solid characterization revealed that during Mn(II) oxidation, Cu(II) adsorbed to freshly formed MnO and produced Mn-Cu mixtures (denoted as MnO-Cu(II)). An autocatalytic model for the reaction kinetics suggested that the freshly formed MnO-Cu(II) had a much higher catalytic activity than that of pure MnO. Solid CuO also catalyzed Mn(II) oxidation, and kinetic modeling indicated that after an initial oxidation of Mn(II) facilitated by the CuO surface, the freshly formed MnO-Cu(II) on CuO surface played the dominant role in accelerating further Mn(II) oxidation. This study indicates a high potential for the formation of Mn oxides at locations in a drinking water distribution system or in premise plumbing where both Mn(II) and Cu(II) are available. It provides insights into the co-occurrence of other metals with Mn deposits that is frequently observed in distribution systems.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental science & technology
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Acidic water usually pH 2.5 to 4.5, which poisons the ecosystem and adversely affects plants, fishes, and mammals. It is caused by industrial pollutants, mainly sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, emitted into the atmosphere and returning to earth in the form of acidic rain water.
Binary compounds of oxygen containing the anion O(2-). The anion combines with metals to form alkaline oxides and non-metals to form acidic oxides.
An acetic acid derivative that is a metabolite of TRICHLOROETHYLENE and is formed during chlorine disinfection of drinking water. It has effects on GLUCOSE metabolism, lowers LACTATE, and activates the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of waste water to provide potable and hygiene water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)