Rapid Label-Free Isolation of Circulating Tumor Cells from Patients' Peripheral Blood Using Electrically Charged FeO Nanoparticles.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Rapid Label-Free Isolation of Circulating Tumor Cells from Patients' Peripheral Blood Using Electrically Charged FeO Nanoparticles."

Isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood from cancer patients bears critical importance for evaluation of therapeutic efficacy. The current CTC isolation strategies are majorly relying on either protein biomarkers or dimensional features of CTCs. In this study, we present a new methodology for CTC detection and isolation based on the surface charge of cancer cells, a bioelectrical manifestation of the "Warburg effect." Negative surface charge is a direct consequence of glycolysis of cancer cells, which can be utilized as an effective biophysical marker for CTC detection and isolation. Upon cancer cells-nanoparticle interaction via optimum incubation, serum protein-coated electrically charged nanoparticles can trap different cancer cells independent of their epithelial protein expression. In fetal bovine serum , the poly(ethyleneimine)-functionalized FeO nanoparticles, surface-decorated with protein corona, are able to efficiently capture CTCs from blood samples of colorectal cancer patients.  2-8 CTCs has been isolated from 1 mL of blood and identified by immunostaining fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence staining in all 25 colorectal cancer patients at varied stages, while only 0-1 CTC was detected from blood samples of 10 healthy donors. Diverse CTC subpopulations of heteroploids and biomarker expression can also be detected in this strategy. The label-free, charge-based CTC method shows promise in cancer diagnosis and prognosis paving a new path for liquid biopsy.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
ISSN: 1944-8252


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