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Therapeutic Contact Lens for Scavenging Excessive Reactive Oxygen Species on Ocular Surface.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Therapeutic Contact Lens for Scavenging Excessive Reactive Oxygen Species on Ocular Surface."

Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a significant role in the pathogenesis of many eye diseases. Controlling oxidative stress by reducing the amount of ROS is a potential therapeutic strategy for the prevention and treatment of eye diseases, particularly ocular surface diseases. Ceria nanoparticles (CeNPs) have been investigated owing to their efficient ROS-scavenging properties. To overcome the disadvantages of eyedrop administration due to rapid elimination on the surface of the eye and to retain the intrinsic properties of contact lenses, we developed an ROS-scavenging water-soluble CeNP-embedded contact lens (CeNP-CL) for the prevention of ocular surface diseases. The intrinsic ROS-scavenging property of the CeNPs, which mimicked the activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase, was incorporated into polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate-based contact lenses. The CeNP-CL exhibited high transparency and physical properties comparable to those of a commercial contact lens, along with excellent extracellular ROS-scavenging properties. The viabilities of human conjunctival epithelial cells and human meibomian gland epithelial cells were significantly enhanced in the presence of CeNP-CLs, even in media with high H2O2 contents (100 and 500 μM). Additionally, the wearing of CeNP-CLs on the eyes had a protective effect in a mouse model when 3% H2O2 eyedrops were administered. These results indicate the salvaging effect of the CeNP-CL in a high-ROS environment on the ocular surface, which may be helpful for the treatment of ocular surface diseases.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: ACS nano
ISSN: 1936-086X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.

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