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Psychiatric treatment must be developed and adapted, as Sweden's population has become increasingly multicultural and many migrants are refugees from war and conflict areas. Methods and ways of working need to take account of cultural variation in the expression of symptoms and the fact that many refugees have experienced deeply traumatic events, such as torture and other violations of their human rights. Methods should be sensitive to patients' experiences, knowledge and social situation, and consider social determinants of health. Here we provide examples of evidence-based transcultural method development, with a particular focus upon adults and the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We also examine the cultural encounter as well as indicate areas in need of development.
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Deficits in social behaviour, e.g. social withdrawal, appear as an early sign of many neuropsychiatric disorders. Investigation of the biological basis of social withdrawal and development of new targ...
The cultural repertoires of apes have been charted by identifying cultural differences between populations. A new approach focused on great apes' intense 'peering' during social learning suggests that...
Most prior research on culture and the dynamics of social support has focused on the emotional outcomes for social support recipients. Though an existing body of research has identified cross-cultural...
Parents play a critical role in shaping social-emotional development, particularly in early childhood; however, children's influence on their own development is equally important. Parent-child interac...
Developmental sociolinguistics is a rapidly evolving interdisciplinary framework that builds upon theoretical and methodological contributions from multiple disciplines (i.e., sociolinguistics, langua...
This study evaluated if the social and cultural activities decrease the incidence of dementia and frailty conditions.
Community intervention trial, randomized, to promote regular PA and social and cultural support activities for 9 months in older-adult primary care users and assess their effects on cardio...
This cluster randomized trial will test the affect of individual participation in culturally- and socially-related activities on health and well-being, in comparison also with the classic ...
The purpose of this experiment is to determine the mechanisms through which parental buffering of stress physiology in response to social evaluative threat diminishes with pubertal develop...
This study is designed to test the impact of a new curriculum, called Provider Awareness Cultural Dexterity Toolkit for Surgeons (PACTS), on surgical residents' cross-cultural knowledge, a...
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Any negative tradition or behavior that is generally regarded as harmful to social welfare and forbidden within a cultural or social group.
The study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of a particular ethnic group.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
A late 20th-century philosophical approach or style of cultural analysis that seeks to reveal the cultural or social construction of concepts conventionally assumed to be natural or universal. (from E.R. DuBose, The Illusion of Trust: Toward a Medical Theological Ethics in the Postmodern Age, Kluwer, 1995)
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...