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The clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by great variability. 'Aggressive' MS, a concept used in the last 10 years, is associated with atypical course of the disease, which is manifested by more frequent exacerbations, the rapid increase in disability and pronounced signs of radiological activity according to MRI. The review presents data on the effectiveness of three monoclonal antibody drugs - natalizumab, alemtuzumab and ocrelizumab. In addition, updated data on the safety of monoclonal antibodies are presented to help the physician make a balanced choice of a drug and therapy strategy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova
Ocrelizumab is a monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody approved for the treatment of both relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Its increasing use fo...
Rituximab is a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody that is an effective therapy for multiple sclerosis. Rituximab has been associated with the development of serum sickness (type III hypersensitivi...
The management of "aggressive" and "highly-active" relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis remains problematic. Although a number of highly efficacious agents are currently available, the optimal timin...
Cost assessment modelling (CAM) of treatments in highly active relapsing multiple sclerosis was conducted.
Alemtuzumab is an anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). It produces rapid depletion of T and B lymphocytes, which could predispose to opportunistic infec...
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of single and multiple doses of M-T412, a chimeric murine-human anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody, in patients with multiple sclerosis. ...
This research study is being conducted in the U.S. and Europe to evaluate the safety and efficacy of daclizumab for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS).
The main purpose of the study is to determine the onset of Mavenclad® action by frequent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment of the combined unique active (CUA) lesions in subject...
The humanised IgG4 monoclonal antibody GNbAC1 targets the envelope protein (Env) of the human endogenous multiple sclerosis-associated retrovirus (HERV-W MSRV), which may play a critical r...
The main purpose of the study is to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) through the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 Questionnaire (MSQoL-54) scale in highly-active rela...
A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
A humanized monoclonal immunoglobulin G4 antibody to human INTEGRIN ALPHA4 that binds to the alpha4 subunit of INTEGRIN ALPHA4BETA1 and integrin alpha4beta7. It is used as an IMMUNOLOGIC FACTOR in the treatment of RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CROHN'S DISEASE.
A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
An anti-VEGF recombinant monoclonal antibody consisting of humanized murine antibody. It inhibits VEGF receptors and prevents the proliferation of blood vessels.
Multiple Sclerosis MS
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting 100,000 young adults in the UK. The condition results from autoimmune damage to myelin, causing interference in nerve signaling. Symptoms experienced depend on the pa...
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...