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Evaluation of the Relationship Between Olfactory Fossa Measurements and Nasal Septum Deviation for Endoscopic Sinus Surgery.

07:00 EST 13th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Evaluation of the Relationship Between Olfactory Fossa Measurements and Nasal Septum Deviation for Endoscopic Sinus Surgery."

Endoscopic sinus surgeries (ESS) are frequently used in the treatment of optic nerve decompression, other intracranial lesions and sinonasal pathologies. The olfactory fossa can be localized on different levels in relation to the anterior cranial fossa. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the depth and width of the olfactory fossa (OF) in relation to nasal septum deviation (NSD).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of craniofacial surgery
ISSN: 1536-3732
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

That portion of the nasal mucosa containing the sensory nerve endings for SMELL, located at the dome of each NASAL CAVITY. The yellow-brownish olfactory epithelium consists of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS; brush cells; STEM CELLS; and the associated olfactory glands.

An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.

The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.

The 1st cranial nerve. The olfactory nerve conveys the sense of smell. It is formed by the axons of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the OLFACTORY BULB.

A malignant olfactory neuroblastoma arising from the olfactory epithelium of the superior nasal cavity and cribriform plate. It is uncommon (3% of nasal tumors) and rarely is associated with the production of excess hormones (e.g., SIADH, Cushing Syndrome). It has a high propensity for multiple local recurrences and bony metastases. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3rd ed, p1245; J Laryngol Otol 1998 Jul;112(7):628-33)

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