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Preterm birth is a risk factor for elevated blood pressure in childhood and the development of hypertension and cardiometabolic disease in adulthood; however, mechanisms for the development of both are poorly understood. Rapid weight gain early in childhood may serve as a driver directly and indirectly through cortisol levels found to be elevated in early childhood in individuals born preterm.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nursing research
To evaluate whether weekly gestational weight gain is associated with anemia, vitamin A insufficiency, and blood pressure levels in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Walking is a central skill of daily living. A delay in the onset of walking can be a sign of abnormal motor development. Further, abnormalities in gait can also affect physical functioning. Children b...
The optimal upper and lower limits of blood pressure in preterm infants are not known. Exceeding these thresholds may contribute to intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH).
Fetal exposure to an intrauterine environment affected by maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain increases the likelihood of infants born large for gestational age and childhood obesit...
To determine macular thickness in 3- to 6-year-old children who were born preterm compared with age-matched controls born at term.
Research question: Does feeding hindmilk improve weight gain in very preterm infants with poor growth velocity? Hypothesis: In very preterm infants (born less than 32 weeks gestation) wit...
Preterm infants are susceptible to postnatal growth restriction. Breast milk is the recommended source of nutrition for preterm infants. As preterm infants have enhanced nutritional requir...
This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in preterm infants conducted at least 4 centers in France, consisting of 2 parallel groups. The experimental group...
The primary objective is to compare weight gain (g/day) of infants receiving new protein fortifier (PF) according to a blood urea nitrogen (BUN)-driven fortification regimen to weight gain...
This study evaluates the cognitive and behavioral outcomes including image findings of school-aged children who were born preterm compared with who were born term gestational age.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...