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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Chinese medical journal
To assess the association of very preterm infants' brain size at term-equivalent age with physical growth from birth to term and body composition at term.
Delayed brain function development in small-gestational-age (SGA) infants has been reported. We aimed to quantify rates of immature neonatal EEG patterns and their association with neurodevelopment in...
The role of enlarged subarachnoid space (ESS) in preterm infants has not been described in concrete. We aimed to evaluate whether ESS should be considered a risk factor potentially associated with adv...
Prematurity disrupts brain maturation by exposing the developing brain to different noxious stimuli present in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and depriving it from meaningful sensory inputs d...
Cerebellar injury is increasingly recognized as a relevant complication of premature birth. However, the prevalence of reduced cerebellar growth and its consequences for neurodevelopmental outcome in ...
Neonatal cranial ultrasound (US) remains the method of choice to detect brain injury in high risk preterm infants on neonatal intensive care units (NICU). It is a non-invasive, inexpensive...
Cranial USG is simple and easy method to assess preterm infant brain. Some studies showed that brain volumes of preterm infants could be calculated by measurement of 2D distances. Our aim ...
Although several studies have contrasted the hemodynamics of cerebral arteries using cranial Doppler ultrasound between full-term and preterm infants, the assessments were mostly conducted...
The study will correlate the volumes of the brain obtained from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans done at term gestation for infants born prematurely who weighed less than 1000 grams ...
Brain bleed in premature infants damages the brain and survivors suffer from cerebral palsy (weakness in the extremities), cognitive deficits, and neurobehavioral disorders. In this clinic...
Disorders of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves. With the exception of the optic and olfactory nerves, this includes disorders of the brain stem nuclei from which the cranial nerves originate or terminate.
Softening or loss of brain tissue following CEREBRAL INFARCTION; cerebral ischemia (see BRAIN ISCHEMIA), infection, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, or other injury. The term is often used during gross pathologic inspection to describe blurred cortical margins and decreased consistency of brain tissue following infarction. Multicystic encephalomalacia refers to the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex of neonates and infants following injury, most notably perinatal hypoxia-ischemic events. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p665; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol, 1995 Mar;54(2):268-75)
Benign and malignant intra-axial tumors of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; or MEDULLA OBLONGATA of the BRAIN STEM. Primary and metastatic neoplasms may occur in this location. Clinical features include ATAXIA, cranial neuropathies (see CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES), NAUSEA, hemiparesis (see HEMIPLEGIA), and quadriparesis. Primary brain stem neoplasms are more frequent in children. Histologic subtypes include GLIOMA; HEMANGIOBLASTOMA; GANGLIOGLIOMA; and EPENDYMOMA.
Inoculation of a series of animals or in vitro tissue with an infectious bacterium or virus, as in VIRULENCE studies and the development of vaccines.
The 2nd cranial nerve. The optic nerve conveys visual information from the retina to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the retinal ganglion cells which sort at the optic chiasm and continue via the optic tracts to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other important targets include the superior colliculi and the suprachiasmatic nuclei. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the central nervous system.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...