Icotinib: efficacy in different solid tumors and gene mutations.

07:00 EST 10th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Icotinib: efficacy in different solid tumors and gene mutations."

Icotinib is a first-generation inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor, which has been approved by the Chinese National Medical Products Administration, for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor sensitive mutations. In addition, icotinib also shows moderate activity in other solid tumors driven by epidermal growth factor receptor, including non-small cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor rare non-resistant mutations, and esophageal cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor amplification or overexpression. This article reviews the efficacy of icotinib in different solid tumors with different epidermal growth factor receptor alterations.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Anti-cancer drugs
ISSN: 1473-5741


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An autosomal dominant inherited disorder (with a high frequency of spontaneous mutations) that features developmental changes in the nervous system, muscles, bones, and skin, most notably in tissue derived from the embryonic NEURAL CREST. Multiple hyperpigmented skin lesions and subcutaneous tumors are the hallmark of this disease. Peripheral and central nervous system neoplasms occur frequently, especially OPTIC NERVE GLIOMA and NEUROFIBROSARCOMA. NF1 is caused by mutations which inactivate the NF1 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1) on chromosome 17q. The incidence of learning disabilities is also elevated in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1014-18) There is overlap of clinical features with NOONAN SYNDROME in a syndrome called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome. Both the PTPN11 and NF1 gene products are involved in the SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION pathway of Ras (RAS PROTEINS).

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A component of the SWI-SNF CHROMATIN REMODELING complex that functions as a PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 1 regulator and to stabilize CHROMATIN at PROMOTER REGIONS. It is important for regulating CELL PROLIFERATION and CELL DIFFERENTIATION. Mutations in the SMARCB1 gene are associated with malignant RHABDOID TUMORS.

Transforming protein encoded by ras oncogenes. Point mutations in the cellular ras gene (c-ras) can also result in a mutant p21 protein that can transform mammalian cells. Oncogene protein p21(ras) has been directly implicated in human neoplasms, perhaps accounting for as much as 15-20% of all human tumors. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC

An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a high incidence of bilateral acoustic neuromas as well as schwannomas (NEURILEMMOMA) of other cranial and peripheral nerves, and other benign intracranial tumors including meningiomas, ependymomas, spinal neurofibromas, and gliomas. The disease has been linked to mutations of the NF2 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2) on chromosome 22 (22q12) and usually presents clinically in the first or second decade of life.

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