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Conventional computed tomography (CT) exophthalmometry requires an intact lateral orbital wall and is therefore not feasible in patients who have undergone any form of lateral orbital wall surgery where the normal bony landmark may be lost or displaced. The purpose of our study is to validate an alternative method of CT exophthalmometry utilizing the posterior clinoid (PC) process as a new reference point that will allow for reproducible comparison of the anterior-posterior globe position in the preoperative and postoperative settings.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Asia-Pacific journal of ophthalmology (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism. The incidence of thyroid cancer in patients with GD varies from 0.15% to 15%. There is conflicting evidence on ...
BACKGROUND Graves disease is occasionally associated with thyroid cancer. The most common histological type of thyroid cancer in patients with Graves disease is papillary followed by follicular. Medul...
Thyroid hormones have been implicated to play a role in cardiovascular disease, along with studies linking thyroid hormone to kidney function. The aim of this study is to investigate whether kidney fu...
Autoimmune thyroid disease, including Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), is one of the most common endocrine diseases. GD and HT are the main etiologies for hyperthyroidism and hyp...
To investigate the molecular pathways that drive thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR)-induced cellular proliferation in orbital fibroblasts (OFs) from thyroid eye disease (TED) patients.
Thyroid hormone autoantibodies(THAA) in serum can Interfere radioimmunoassay for the determination of free thyroid hormones. Thyroid function test plays a key role in the diagnosis and tre...
The feasibility and effectiveness of Reversed Tracking Method for the identification and protection of extralaryngeal nerve branches in thyroid surgery were analyzed. Evidence-based medica...
RATIONALE: Gathering information about patients with thyroid cancer or thyroid nodules may help the study of thyroid cancer in the future. PURPOSE: This study is gathering information and...
Context: Although some of endocrine surgeons administer Lugol's solution to decrease thyroid gland vascularity, there is still no agreement on its effectiveness. Objective: The aims of th...
Graves disease in ulcerative colitis: The connection between Graves disease and Inflammatory bowel disease is well known in the literature, but thyroid disorders have not been considered ...
Autoantibodies that bind to the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (RECEPTORS, THYROTROPIN) on thyroid epithelial cells. The autoantibodies mimic TSH causing an unregulated production of thyroid hormones characteristic of GRAVES DISEASE.
An inherited autosomal recessive trait, characterized by peripheral resistance to THYROID HORMONES and the resulting elevation in serum levels of THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE. This syndrome is caused by mutations of gene THRB encoding the THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS BETA in target cells. HYPOTHYROIDISM in these patients is partly overcome by the increased thyroid hormone levels.
Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary THYROTROPIN (also named thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH) and trigger intracellular changes of the target cells. TSH receptors are present in the nervous system and on target cells in the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies to TSH receptors are implicated in thyroid diseases such as GRAVES DISEASE and Hashimoto disease (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE).
Inflammatory disease of the THYROID GLAND due to autoimmune responses leading to lymphocytic infiltration of the gland. It is characterized by the presence of circulating thyroid antigen-specific T-CELLS and thyroid AUTOANTIBODIES. The clinical signs can range from HYPOTHYROIDISM to THYROTOXICOSIS depending on the type of autoimmune thyroiditis.
Conditions of abnormal THYROID HORMONES release in patients with apparently normal THYROID GLAND during severe systemic illness, physical TRAUMA, and psychiatric disturbances. It can be caused by the loss of endogenous hypothalamic input or by exogenous drug effects. The most common abnormality results in low T3 THYROID HORMONE with progressive decrease in THYROXINE; (T4) and TSH. Elevated T4 with normal T3 may be seen in diseases in which THYROXINE-BINDING GLOBULIN synthesis and release are increased.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...