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Imp/IGF2BP levels modulate individual neural stem cell growth and division through mRNA stability.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Imp/IGF2BP levels modulate individual neural stem cell growth and division through mRNA stability."

The numerous neurons and glia that form the brain originate from tightly controlled growth and division of neural stem cells, regulated systemically by important known stem cell-extrinsic signals. However, the cell-intrinsic mechanisms that control the distinctive proliferation rates of individual neural stem cells are unknown. Here, we show that the size and division rates of neural stem cells (neuroblasts) are controlled by the highly conserved RNA binding protein Imp (IGF2BP), via one of its top binding targets in the brain, mRNA. We show that Imp stabilises mRNA leading to increased Myc protein levels, larger neuroblasts, and faster division rates. Declining Imp levels throughout development limit mRNA stability to restrain neuroblast growth and division, and heterogeneous Imp expression correlates with mRNA stability between individual neuroblasts in the brain. We propose that Imp-dependent regulation of mRNA stability fine-tunes individual neural stem cell proliferation rates.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: eLife
ISSN: 2050-084X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.

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The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

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