Nightmares and the Cannabinoids.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nightmares and the Cannabinoids."

The cannabinoids, δ9 tetrahydrocannabinol and its analogue, nabilone, have been found to reliably attenuate the intensity and frequency of post-traumatic nightmares. This essay examines how a traumatic event is captured in the mind after just a single exposure and repeatedly replicated during the nights that follow. The adaptive neurophysiological, endocrine and inflammatory changes that are triggered by the trauma and that alter personality and behavior are surveyed. These adaptive changes, once established, can be difficult to reverse. But cannabinoids, uniquely, have been shown to interfere with all of these post-traumatic somatic adaptations. While cannabinoids can suppress nightmares and other symptoms of the post-traumatic stress disorder, they are not a cure. There may be no cure. The cannabinoids may best be employed, alone, but more likely in conjunction with other agents, in the immediate aftermath of a trauma to mitigate or even abort the metabolic changes which are set in motion by the trauma and which may permanently alter the reactivity of the nervous system. Steps in this direction have already been taken.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current neuropharmacology
ISSN: 1875-6190


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Endogenous compounds that bind to CANNABINOID RECEPTORS. They are structurally different from the CANNABINOIDS which are primarily derived from plants.

Compounds having the cannabinoid structure. They were originally extracted from Cannabis sativa L. The most pharmacologically active constituents are TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL; CANNABINOL; and CANNABIDIOL.

Product of the CANNABIS plant, CANNABINOIDS, or synthetic derivatives thereof, used in the treatment of a wide range of clinical symptoms.

A class of G-protein-coupled receptors that are specific for CANNABINOIDS such as those derived from CANNABIS. They also bind a structurally distinct class of endogenous factors referred to as ENDOCANNABINOIDS. The receptor class may play a role in modulating the release of signaling molecules such as NEUROTRANSMITTERS and CYTOKINES.

A highly conserved, non-selective TRP cation channel that contains 14-17 ANKYRIN REPEATS. It functions in cold sensation and NOCICEPTION of endogenous inflammatory factors and volatile irritants. TRPA1 is also activated by CANNABINOIDS and may play a role in sound perception by hair cells of the inner ear.

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