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Background Resting-state functional MRI holds substantial potential for clinical application, but limitations exist in current understanding of how tumors exert local effects on resting-state functional MRI readings. Purpose To investigate the association between tumors, tumor characteristics, and changes in resting-state connectivity, to explore neurovascular uncoupling as a mechanism underlying these changes, and to evaluate seeding methodologies as a clinical tool. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained for this HIPAA-compliant observational retrospective study of patients with glioma who underwent MRI and resting-state functional MRI between January 2016 and July 2017. Interhemispheric symmetry of connectivity was assessed in the hand motor region, incorporating tumor position, perfusion, grade, and connectivity generated from seed-based correlation. Statistical analysis was performed by using one-tailed tests, Wilcoxon rank sum tests, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation, and Spearman rank correlation, with significance at < .05. Results Data in a total of 45 patients with glioma (mean age, 51.3 years ± 14.3 [standard deviation]) were compared with those in 10 healthy control subjects (mean age, 50.3 years ± 17.2). Patients showed loss of symmetry in measures of hand motor resting-state connectivity compared with control subjects ( < .05). Tumor distance from the ipsilateral hand motor (IHM) region correlated with the degree ( = 0.38, = .01) and strength ( = 0.33, = .03) of resting-state connectivity. In patients with World Health Organization grade IV glioblastomas 40 mm or less from the IHM region, loss of symmetry in strength of resting-state connectivity was correlated with tumor perfusion ( = 0.74, < .01). In patients with gliomas 40 mm or less from the IHM region, seeding the nontumor hemisphere yielded less asymmetric hand motor resting-state connectivity than seeding the tumor hemisphere (connectivity seeded:contralateral = 1.34 nontumor vs 1.38 tumor hemisphere seeded; = .03, false discovery rate threshold = 0.01). Conclusion Hand motor resting-state connectivity was less symmetrical in a tumor distance-dependent manner in patients with glioma. Differences in resting-state connectivity may be false-negative results driven by a neurovascular uncoupling mechanism. Seeding from the nontumor hemisphere may attenuate asymmetry in patients with tumors near ipsilateral hand motor cortices. © RSNA, 2020
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