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Laparoscopic-Assisted Transanal Pull-Through in Hirschsprung Disease: Does Laparoscopic Dissection Minimize Anal Overstretching?

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Laparoscopic-Assisted Transanal Pull-Through in Hirschsprung Disease: Does Laparoscopic Dissection Minimize Anal Overstretching?"

Surgical treatment for Hirschsprung disease (HD) has evolved from a staged repair to a primary operation but is still associated with significant complications. Extensive transanal dissection may overstretch the sphincter and cause partial tear; however, laparoscopic dissection can decrease rectal overstretching. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the outcome of surgical management of HD and the efficacy of laparoscopic-assisted transanal endorectal pull-through in infants and children in our center. We reviewed the medical records of 74 patients who underwent surgical repair of HD from 2006 to 2019. However, we excluded 42 patients with HD (patients with stoma [ = 33] and total colonic aganglionosis [ = 9]). The remaining 32 patients were divided into two groups. Group A included patients who had transanal pull-through with laparoscopic assistance only to visualize the transition zone, take a biopsy, and check for twisting or bleeding. Group B included patients who had laparoscopic-assisted transanal pull-through with dissection of the rectum. All patients had Soave repair with an approximate cuff length of 5 cm. Group A included 18 patients, whereas group B included 14 patients. Demographic data were comparable between the two groups with no significant difference in age or gender ( = .12 and .67, respectively). Patients in group A had longer operative time (210 ± 20.75 minutes versus 178 ± 18.92 minutes;  < .001) and hospital stay (6 ± 1.33 days versus 5 ± 1.24 days;  = .033). No significant difference was observed in postoperative complications between both groups (anastomotic site stricture,  = .295; persistent soiling,  = .238). Laparoscopic rectal dissection for managing HD is associated with less operative time and hospital stay. In addition, all procedures required for the repair can be safely performed using laparoscopy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
ISSN: 1557-9034
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