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Morphological Reconstitution and Persistent Changes After Intravitreal Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Traction and Macular Hole.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Morphological Reconstitution and Persistent Changes After Intravitreal Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Traction and Macular Hole."

To assess the long-term anatomical and functional findings in patients with symptomatic vitreomacular traction (VMT), with or without full thickness macular hole (FTMH), after eye treatment with intravitreal ocriplasmin injection (IOI). This longitudinal case series includes 51 eyes from 51 symptomatic patients with VMT (<800 μm) who received a single IOI (Jetrea 0.125 mg); 21 cases with an FTMH (<400 μm) were included. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography findings were recorded before IOI, and 1 day to 24 months thereafter. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. Mean adhesion size before injection was 345 ± 146 μm. In 34 eyes (67%), complete release of VMT was observed; whereas VMT persisted in 17 eyes (33%). The latter included 15 of the 21 eyes (71%) with FTMH, 15 of which underwent pars plana vitrectomy and inner limiting membrane peeling. BCVA improved from (logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution [logMAR]) 0.41 ± 0.03 before injection to 0.32 ± 0.03 after 1 month and 0.23 ± 0.05 after 6 months and remained stable thereafter (0.24 ± 0.06 after 24 months of follow-up). Forty-five percent of the eyes presented submacular deposits soon after IOI that were not functionally relevant; 61% completely resolved by 12 months. Except floaters that disappeared within 48 h, no other adverse events were reported during follow-up. Treatment with ocriplasmin in a real-life setting showed an overall efficacy of 67% in patients with symptomatic VMT, with better results evident in the absence of an FTMH (70% vs. 62% VMT release) and a visual gain for over 2 years.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics : the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
ISSN: 1557-7732
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