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Reduced Expression of Genes Regulating Cohesion Induces Chromosome Instability that May Promote Cancer and Impact Patient Outcomes.

07:00 EST 17th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Reduced Expression of Genes Regulating Cohesion Induces Chromosome Instability that May Promote Cancer and Impact Patient Outcomes."

Chromosome instability (CIN), or continual changes in chromosome complements, is an enabling feature of cancer; however, the molecular determinants of CIN remain largely unknown. Emerging data now suggest that aberrant sister chromatid cohesion may induce CIN and contribute to cancer. To explore this possibility, we employed clinical and fundamental approaches to systematically assess the impact reduced cohesion gene expression has on CIN and cancer. Ten genes encoding critical functions in cohesion were evaluated and remarkably, each exhibits copy number losses in 12 common cancer types, and reduced expression is associated with worse patient survival. To gain mechanistic insight, we combined siRNA-based silencing with single cell quantitative imaging microscopy to comprehensively assess the impact reduced expression has on CIN in two karyotypically stable cell lines. We show that reduced expression induces CIN phenotypes, namely increases in micronucleus formation and nuclear areas. Subsequent direct tests involving a subset of prioritized genes also revealed significant changes in chromosome numbers with corresponding increases in moderate and severe cohesion defects within mitotic chromosome spreads. Collectively, our clinical and fundamental findings implicate reduced sister chromatid cohesion, resulting from gene copy number losses, as a key pathogenic event in the development and progression of many cancer types.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Scientific reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Pages: 592

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.

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