Topics

Psychological Distress and Illness Perceptions in Thyroid Cancer Survivors: Does Age Matter?

07:00 EST 28th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Psychological Distress and Illness Perceptions in Thyroid Cancer Survivors: Does Age Matter?"

To examine the role of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients' age in illness perceptions and psychological distress, and the potential moderating role of age in the relationship between illness perceptions and psychological distress. We used the Netherlands Cancer Registry to select all patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer between 1990 and 2008 ( = 568). Patients filled out the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. Levels of psychological distress and illness perceptions were compared between the different DTC survivor age groups (adolescents and young adults [AYAs; 18-39 years], middle-aged adults [40-64 years], and older survivors [65-84 years]). Among 293 respondents with DTC, AYAs ( = 84) had more faith in the fact that their treatment can help them, and reported a stronger belief in understanding their illness compared to middle-aged ( = 172) and older adults ( = 37). No differences regarding age were seen on the other six illness perception subscales. AYAs did report significantly less distress (HADS caseness = 13.8%) compared to middle-aged (28.7%) and older adults (22.2%). Most illness perception subscales were associated with distress and the associations with age were mixed. AYAs and older patients who believed that their illness would continue for a long time reported more distress, but this association was not found for the middle-aged group. Illness perceptions play a key role in the experience of distress years after diagnosis and this is related to age. AYA and older cancer patients may be particularly vulnerable to distress related to maladaptive cancer-related beliefs/perceptions.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of adolescent and young adult oncology
ISSN: 2156-535X
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [18759 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Active and Passive Coping Strategies: Comparing Psychological Distress, Cortisol, and Proinflammatory Cytokine Levels in Breast Cancer Survivors.

Breast cancer survivors can experience psychological distress, such as anxiety and depression, long after treatment has ended, and the development of such negative affective states has been related to...

Longitudinal dyadic interdependence in psychological distress among Latinas with breast cancer and their caregivers.

Cancer diagnosis and treatment can generate substantial distress for both survivors and their family caregivers. The primary aim of this investigation is to test a model of dyadic interdependence in d...

CE: Assessing and Managing Spiritual Distress in Cancer Survivorship.

More than 67% of people diagnosed with cancer in the United States are alive five years after receiving the diagnosis; but even if they are cancer free, the effects of the disease and its treatment wi...

A Psychological Nursing Intervention for Patients With Thyroid Cancer on Psychological Distress and Quality of Life: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

The present research aimed to investigate the impact of a psychological nursing intervention on psychological distress and quality of life of thyroid cancer patients. A total of 286 participants were ...

Psychological distress symptoms and illness perception in patients with epilepsy in Northwest Greece.

The purpose of the present study was to compare psychological distress between patients with epilepsy and healthy controls and to evaluate potentially related factors to psychological distress in pati...

Clinical Trials [17730 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Impact of Illness Perceptions on Health Related Outcomes in Patients With Lupus and Systemic Sclerosis

This research project has the overall objective to investigate the direction of the associations between illness perceptions, their influencing factors and health-related outcomes. Moreove...

Mobile Mindfulness to Improve Psychological Distress After Critical Illness

Many survivors of the intensive care unit (ICU) suffer from persistent symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In this study, the investigators will tes...

The Effects of T4 Versus T4/T3 on Psychological Distress After Total Thyroidectomy in Thyroid Cancer Patients

The goal of this research is to compare the effects on psychological distress between T4 mono replacement group and T4/T3 combination replacement group after total thyroidectomy in thyroid...

Pain Coping Skills for Colorectal Cancer Survivors

Colorectal cancer survivors experience long-term negative physical and psychosocial consequences of their disease. There is a critical need to develop novel behavioral interventions for im...

Surgical Prehabilitation of Cancer Patients Undergoing Colorectal Resection.

Psychological distress is common among adults newly diagnosed with cancer and those awaiting cancer treatment(s). Although preoperative psychological distress has been shown to be associat...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An aggressive THYROID GLAND malignancy which generally occurs in IODINE-deficient areas in people with previous thyroid pathology such as GOITER. It is associated with CELL DEDIFFERENTIATION of THYROID CARCINOMA (e.g., FOLLICULAR THYROID CARCINOMA; PAPILLARY THYROID CANCER). Typical initial presentation is a rapidly growing neck mass which upon metastasis is associated with DYSPHAGIA; NECK PAIN; bone pain; DYSPNEA; and NEUROLOGIC DEFICITS.

Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.

Conditions of abnormal THYROID HORMONES release in patients with apparently normal THYROID GLAND during severe systemic illness, physical TRAUMA, and psychiatric disturbances. It can be caused by the loss of endogenous hypothalamic input or by exogenous drug effects. The most common abnormality results in low T3 THYROID HORMONE with progressive decrease in THYROXINE; (T4) and TSH. Elevated T4 with normal T3 may be seen in diseases in which THYROXINE-BINDING GLOBULIN synthesis and release are increased.

A thyroid neoplasm of mixed papillary and follicular arrangement. Its biological behavior and prognosis is the same as that of a papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1271)

A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Thyroid Disorders
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...

Cancer Disease
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...


Searches Linking to this Article