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Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity prevention with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril in low-risk breast cancer women: results of a prospective randomized study.

07:00 EST 29th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity prevention with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril in low-risk breast cancer women: results of a prospective randomized study."

Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC) remains the main long-term and irreversible side effect in malignancy survivors. Cardiotoxicity prevention is one of most reasonable attitudes.

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Name: Kardiologia polska
ISSN: 1897-4279
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.

A decapeptide that is cleaved from precursor angiotensinogen by RENIN. Angiotensin I has limited biological activity. It is converted to angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor, after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME.

An octapeptide that is a potent but labile vasoconstrictor. It is produced from angiotensin I after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME. The amino acid in position 5 varies in different species. To block VASOCONSTRICTION and HYPERTENSION effect of angiotensin II, patients are often treated with ACE INHIBITORS or with ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.

A class of cardiovascular drugs indicated for hypertension and congestive heart failure that simultaneously inhibit both NEUTRAL ENDOPEPTIDASE and ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME. They increase the availability of NATRIURETIC PEPTIDES and BRADYKININ and inhibit production of ANGIOTENSIN II.

One of the ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS that is used to treat hypertension.

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