Inhibition of cholesteryl ester synthesis by polyacetylenes from Atractylodes rhizome.

07:00 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Inhibition of cholesteryl ester synthesis by polyacetylenes from Atractylodes rhizome."

Using activity guided purification, four known compounds, sesquiterpene atractylenolide III (1), and the polyacetylenes 14-acetoxy-12-senecioyloxytetradeca-2E,8E,10E-trien-4,6-diyn-1-ol (2), 14-acetoxy-12-α-methylbutyl-2E,8E,10E-trien-4,6-diyn-1-ol (3), and 14-acetoxy-12-β -methylbutyl-2E,8E,10E-trien-4,6-diyn-1-ol (4), were isolated from a traditional herbal medicine, Atractylodes rhizome. Structurally similar 3 and 4 (3/4 mixture) were obtained as a mixture. In intact Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) K1 cell assays, 1, 2, and a 3/4 mixture selectively inhibited cholesterol [C]oleate synthesis from [C]oleate with IC values of 73.5 µM, 35.4 µM, and 10.2 µM, respectively, without any effects on cytotoxicity. As a potential target of these inhibitors involved in cholesteryl ester (CE) synthesis, effects on sterol O-acyltransferase (SOAT) activity were investigated using microsomes prepared from CHO-K1 cells as an enzyme source. Hence, these compounds inhibit SOAT activity with IC values (211 µM for 1, 29.0 µM for 2, and 11.8 µM for 3/4 mixture) that correlate well with those measured from intact cell assays. Our results strongly suggest that these compounds inhibit CE synthesis by blocking SOAT activity in CHO-K1 cells.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
ISSN: 1464-3405
Pages: 126997


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