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Association of the Triglyceride to High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio and the Visceral Adiposity Index with Metabolic Syndrome in Diabetic Susceptible Population.

07:00 EST 1st February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Association of the Triglyceride to High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio and the Visceral Adiposity Index with Metabolic Syndrome in Diabetic Susceptible Population."

The aim of this study was to explore the association of the triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein ratio (TG/HDL) and the visceral adiposity index (VAI) with metabolic syndrome (Mets) in high-risk populations of diabetic patients. Patients were recruited from the Endocrinology Clinic of Hebei General Hospital from April 2018 to April 2019,according to the "Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in China (2017 Edition)". A total of 824 patients participated in the study. The association between TG/HDL or VAI and Mets in these patients was assessed using a multivariate logistic regression model. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the ability of TG/HDL and VAI to predict Mets in the diabetic susceptible population. The prevalence of Mets gradually increased in males and females with advancing tertiles of TG/HDL or VAI. After adjusting for the relevant risk factors, TG/HDL and VAI were positively correlated with Mets in men and women. Both of them showed a better the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for Mets in females than body mass index, waist circumference, TG and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance. In females, the cut-off point of 1.67 for VAI showed a higher accuracy for Mets (sensitivity 0.756, specificity 0.705, Youden index 0.461), the same relationship not significant in men. TG/HDL and VAI provide a high predictive value for Mets in a diabetic susceptible population, especially in females.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme
ISSN: 1439-4286
Pages: 95-103

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A 9-kDa protein component of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. It contains a cofactor for LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE and activates several triacylglycerol lipases. The association of Apo C-II with plasma CHYLOMICRONS; VLDL, and HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS is reversible and changes rapidly as a function of triglyceride metabolism. Clinically, Apo C-II deficiency is similar to lipoprotein lipase deficiency (HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I) and is therefore called hyperlipoproteinemia type IB.

An autosomal recessively inherited disorder characterized by the accumulation of intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL or broad-beta-lipoprotein). IDL has a CHOLESTEROL to TRIGLYCERIDES ratio greater than that of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. This disorder is due to mutation of APOLIPOPROTEINS E, a receptor-binding component of VLDL and CHYLOMICRONS, resulting in their reduced clearance and high plasma levels of both cholesterol and triglycerides.

A minor apolipoprotein that associates with HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (HDL), VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (VLDL), and CHYLOMICRONS. It regulates levels of plasma TRIGLYCERIDES by activating APOLIPOPROTEIN C-II LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE and inhibiting hepatic VLDL triglyceride hydrolysis.

Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.

Intermediate-density subclass of the high-density lipoproteins, with particle sizes between 7 to 8 nm. As the larger lighter HDL2 lipoprotein, HDL3 lipoprotein is lipid-rich.

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