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Membrane interactions of amyloidogenic proteins constitute central determinants both in protein aggregation as well as in amyloid cytotoxicity. Most reported studies of amyloid peptide-membrane interactions have employed model membrane systems combined with application of spectroscopy methods or microscopy analysis of individual binding events. Here, we applied for the first time, to our knowledge, imaging flow cytometry for investigating interactions of representative amyloidogenic peptides, namely, the 106-126 fragment of prion protein (PrP(106-126)) and the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP), with giant lipid vesicles. Imaging flow cytometry was also applied to examine the inhibition of PrP(106-126)-membrane interactions by epigallocatechin gallate, a known modulator of amyloid peptide aggregation. We show that imaging flow cytometry provided comprehensive population-based statistical information upon morphology changes of the vesicles induced by PrP(106-126) and hIAPP. Specifically, the experiments reveal that both PrP(106-126) and hIAPP induced dramatic transformations of the vesicles, specifically disruption of the spherical shapes, reduction of vesicle circularity, lobe formation, and modulation of vesicle compactness. Interesting differences, however, were apparent between the impact of the two peptides upon the model membranes. The morphology analysis also showed that epigallocatechin gallate ameliorated vesicle disruption by PrP(106-126). Overall, this study demonstrates that imaging flow cytometry provides powerful means for disclosing population-based morphological membrane transformations induced by amyloidogenic peptides and their inhibition by aggregation modulators.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biophysical journal
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Peptides generated from AMYLOID BETA-PEPTIDES PRECURSOR. An amyloid fibrillar form of these peptides is the major component of amyloid plaques found in individuals with Alzheimer's disease and in aged individuals with trisomy 21 (DOWN SYNDROME). The peptide is found predominantly in the nervous system, but there have been reports of its presence in non-neural tissue.
A type of extracellularly deposited substance composed of an amyloid protein and additional components including HEPARAN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCAN; LAMININ; COLLAGEN TYPE IV; SERUM AMYLOID P-COMPONENT; and APOLIPOPROTEINS E which together form characteristic amyloid fibrils. The core of amyloid fibrils is formed by the stacking of overlapping beta-pleated sheet domains of the amyloid protein. There are many different amyloid proteins that have been found forming the core of the fibrils in vivo. However, amyloid can be formed from any protein that exposes beta-pleated strand conformations during unfolding or refolding. A common characteristic of amyloid is the ability to bind such dyes as CONGO RED and thioflavine.
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
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A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used in the evaluation of regional cerebral blood flow and in non-invasive dynamic biodistribution studies and myocardial imaging. It has also been used to label leukocytes in the investigation of inflammatory bowel diseases.
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