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Translating cancer genomics for precision oncology in biliary tract cancers.

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Summary of "Translating cancer genomics for precision oncology in biliary tract cancers."

Biliary tract cancers (BTC), which include cholangiocarcinoma (both intra- and extrahepatic) and gallbladder, represent a heterogeneous group of malignancies with relatively low-incidence and poor prognosis. Therapeutic options for BTC patients at advanced stage are severely limited and palliative chemotherapy remains the maintreatment option. In the past decade, genome profiling via next-generation sequencing of large international cohorts has paved the way for precision oncology in BTC, identifying unique molecular subtypes, recurrent mutations, and genomic rearrangements. Targeted therapies directed against some of these aberrations are currently under investigation in phase 3 clinical studies and hold great promise to improve the prognosis of this disease. Thus, in the near term, the individual molecular alterations of the disease rather than the anatomic location will likely drive the design of clinical trials. In this review, we summarize recent molecular discoveries in BTC with a special emphasis on the most promising therapeutic targets, ultimately providing an update on current and future directions in the management of this disease.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Discovery medicine
ISSN: 1944-7930
Pages: 255-265

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer in the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.

Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.

Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.

Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.

Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.

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