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In all patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, risk stratification should be performed before discharge. The measurement of therapy efficiency with magnetic resonance imaging has been proposed as part of the risk assessment, but it has not been adopted widely. This meta-analysis was conducted to summarize published data on the prognostic value of the proportion of salvaged myocardium inside previously ischemic myocardium (myocardial salvage index) measured by T2-weighted and T1-weighted late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Random and mixed effects models were used for analyzing the data of 10 studies with 2,697 patients. The pooled myocardial salvage index, calculated as the proportion of non-necrotic myocardium inside edematous myocardium measured by T2-weighted and T1-weighted late gadolinium enhancement MRI, was 43.0% (95% confidence interval: 37.4, 48.6). The pooled length of follow-up was 12.3 months (95% confidence interval: 7.0, 17.6). The pooled incidence of major cardiac events during follow-up, defined as cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or admission for heart failure, was 10.6% (95% confidence interval: 5.7, 15.5). The applied mixed effects model showed an absolute decrease of 1.7% in the incidence of major cardiac events during follow-up (95% confidence interval: 1.6, 1.9) with every 1% of increase in the myocardial salvage index. The heterogeneity between studies was considerable (τ = 21.3). Analysis of aggregated follow-up data after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction suggests that the myocardial salvage index measured by T2-weighted and T1-weighted late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging provides prognostic information on the risk of major cardiac events, but considerable heterogeneity exists between studies.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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