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Preterm birth complications are the leading cause of neonatal deaths. Malawi has high rates of preterm birth, with 18.1 preterm births per 100 live births. More than 50% of preterm neonates develop respiratory distress which if left untreated, can lead to respiratory failure and death. Term and preterm neonates with respiratory distress can often be effectively managed with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) and this is considered an essential intervention for the management of preterm neonates by the World Health Organization. Bubble CPAP may represent a safe and cost-effective method for delivering CPAP in low-income settings.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Bubble-continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is a simple, low-cost ventilation therapy with the potential to lower morbidity and mortality in children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and short-term studies have demonstrated a modest reduction in blood pressure with continuous positive airway pressure therapy. We evaluated th...
Respiratory variations in pulse pressure and photoplethysmographic waveform amplitude during positive expiratory pressure and continuous positive airway pressure in a model of progressive hypovolemia.
Respiratory variations in pulse pressure (dPP) and photoplethysmographic waveform amplitude (dPOP) are used for evaluation of volume status in mechanically ventilated patients. Amplification of intrat...
Despite the known clinical benefits of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to support preterm infants breathing, there are limited studies that have examined its effect on regional oxygenation.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is associated with marginal decrease in chronic lung disease (CLD). This study aims to report outcomes, with focus on CLD, of preterm infants managed with a ...
Noninvasive ventilation has been used in preterm newborn with respiratory distress syndrome in an attempt to assist failure extubation. The investigators investigated failure extubation i...
The objective of this study is to evaluate whether CPAP delivered by bubble CPAP resulted in a greater proportion of infants being successfully extubated when compared with management with...
Principal Investigator: Mohammod Jobayer Chisti Research Protocol Title: Feasibility and Acceptability followed by Effectiveness of bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) for ...
This study aim to evaluate if the improvement of heart rate variability for the continuous positive airway pressure titration night can predict the short and long term continuous positive ...
We hypothesize that continuous positive pressure applied to the airway will decrease the ability of the nose to warm and humidify inspired air compared to zero or negative pressure. We wi...
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...