Emotion-body connection dispositions modify the insulae-midcingulate effective connectivity during anger processing.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Emotion-body connection dispositions modify the insulae-midcingulate effective connectivity during anger processing."

The link between anger and bodily states is readily apparent based on the autonomic and behavioral responses elicited. In everyday life angry people react in different ways, from being agitated with an increased heart rate to remaining silent or detached. Neuroimaging evidence supports the role of mid-posterior insula and midcingulate cortex/MCC as key nodes of a sensorimotor network that predominantly responds to salient stimuli, integration of interoceptive and autonomic information, as well as to awareness of bodily movements for coordinated motion. However, there is still a lack of clarity concerning how interindividual variability in bodily states reactions drives the connectivity within these key nodes in the sensorimotor network during anger processing. Therefore, we investigated whether individual differences in body-centered emotional experience, that is an active (inward prone) or inactive (outward prone) emotion-body connection disposition, would differently affect the information flow within these brain regions. Two groups of participants underwent fMRI scanning session watching video clips of actors performing simple actions with angry and joyful facial expressions. The whole-brain group-by-session interaction analysis showed that the bilateral insula and the right MCC were selectively activated by inward group during the angry session, whereas the outward group activated more the precuneus during the joyful session. Accordingly, dynamic causal modeling analyses (DCM) revealed an excitatory modulatory effect exerted by anger all over the insulae-MCC connectivity in the inward group, whereas in the outward group the modulatory effect exerted was inhibitory. Modeling the variability related to individual differences in body-centered emotional experience allowed to better explain to what extent subjective dispositions contributed to the insular activity and its connectivity. In addition, from the perspective of a hierarchical model of neurovisceral integration, these findings add knowledge to the multiple ways which the insula and MCC dynamically integrate affective and bodily aspects of the human experience.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0228404


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [11889 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Distribution of neuronal structures immunoreactive for parvalbumin in the midcingulate cortex of the rabbit.

The rabbit midcingulate cortex that enclosed four cortical areas was immunohistochemically studied using a calcium-binding protein, parvalbumin, as a neurochemical marker. The distribution of parvalbu...

The interaction between OXTR rs2268493 and perceived maternal care is associated with amygdala-dorsolateral prefrontal effective connectivity during explicit emotion processing.

Previous studies have indicated a link between socio-emotional processing and the oxytocin receptor. In this regard, a single nucleotide polymorphism in the oxytocin receptor coding gene (OXTR rs22684...

How do I want to feel? The link between emotion goals and difficulties in emotion regulation in borderline personality disorder.

Appropriate contextualized emotion goals (i.e., desired emotional endpoints that facilitate goal attainment) are fundamental to emotion regulation, as they may determine the direction of regulation ef...

Understanding positive emotion deficits in depression: From emotion preferences to emotion regulation.

Depression is characterized by increased levels of negative affect and decreased levels of positive affect. Prior research shows that individual differences in emotion regulation play an important rol...

Use your words: The role of emotion labeling in regulating emotion in borderline personality disorder.

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) treatments emphasize emotion labeling to decrease negative emotion and facilitate emotion regulation. However, no studies have examined emotion labeling in BPD or...

Clinical Trials [5871 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Testing a Neurocognitive Model of Distancing Using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.

Distancing oneself from a current distressing situation is a mental skill that can help people to manage their emotions. However, little is known about how distancing works in the brain. R...

Emotion Regulation and Emotion Perception

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of a brief, emotion regulation intervention on the ability to perceive other people's emotions.

Neurofeedback in Adolescents With Emotion Dysregulation

A treatment to improve emotion regulation is tested in young patients with trauma-related mental disorder. The Electrical FingerPrint (EFP) from the amygdala is used for presenting patient...

Influence of Intragastric Fatty Acid Infusion on Behavioral Responses to Positive Emotion Induction in Healthy Subjects

The purpose of this study is to test whether intragastrically infused fatty acid will interact with positive emotion induction and if this effect is mediated by gut hormones.

Critical Thinking in Nursing Students

Considering the need for an intervention in the context of the Brazilian nursing education, in order to develop the skills and dispositions for critical thinking (CT), this study aims to f...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MONOZYGOTIC TWINS who are joined in utero. They may be well developed and share only a superficial connection, often in the frontal, transverse or sagittal body plane, or they may share a partial duplication of a body structure. Alternatively, there may be a small and incompletely developed twin conjoined to a larger, more fully developed twin.

A certificate issued by a governmental body to an individual or organization proposing to construct or modify a health facility, or to offer a new or different service. The process of issuing the certificate is also included.

The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.

Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine.  Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...

Searches Linking to this Article