Magnetic genes: Studying the genetics of biomineralization in magnetotactic bacteria.

07:00 EST 13th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Magnetic genes: Studying the genetics of biomineralization in magnetotactic bacteria."

Many species of bacteria can manufacture materials on a finer scale than those that are synthetically made. These products are often produced within intracellular compartments that bear many hallmarks of eukaryotic organelles. One unique and elegant group of organisms is at the forefront of studies into the mechanisms of organelle formation and biomineralization. Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) produce organelles called magnetosomes that contain nanocrystals of magnetic material, and understanding the molecular mechanisms behind magnetosome formation and biomineralization is a rich area of study. In this Review, we focus on the genetics behind the formation of magnetosomes and biomineralization. We cover the history of genetic discoveries in MTB and key insights that have been found in recent years and provide a perspective on the future of genetic studies in MTB.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PLoS genetics
ISSN: 1553-7404
Pages: e1008499


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [15363 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Unlocking the Potential of Magnetotactic Bacteria as Magnetic Hyperthermia Agents.

Magnetotactic bacteria are aquatic microorganisms that internally biomineralize chains of magnetic nanoparticles (called magnetosomes) and use them as a compass. Here it is shown that magnetotactic ba...

Removal of iron and manganese in groundwater through magnetotactic bacteria.

It is presented an alternative biological method based on biomineralization mechanisms of Magnetotactic Bacteria (MTB) for the removal in groundwater, of soluble elements such as Feand Mn. In first pl...

Single-step transfer of biosynthetic operons endows a non-magnetotactic Magnetospirillum strain from wetland with magnetosome biosynthesis.

The magnetotactic lifestyle represents one of the most complex traits found in many bacteria from aquatic environments and depends on magnetic organelles, the magnetosomes. Genetic transfer of magneto...

Magnetotactic bacteria diversity of and magnetism contribution to sediment in Wudalianchi volcanic barrier lakes, NE China.

Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB), the members of sediment microorganisms, play an important role in geochemical iron-cycling and sediment magnetism. This study aimed to investigate the diversity and magne...

Chemotaxis in external fields: Simulations for active magnetic biological matter.

The movement of microswimmers is often described by active Brownian particle models. Here we introduce a variant of these models with several internal states of the swimmer to describe stochastic stra...

Clinical Trials [5918 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Variation of Genes Controlling Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism

Aim of the study is to investigate genes regulating glucose and lipid metabolism in subjects whose glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, blood flow, or body fat distribution has been measu...

Studying Genes to Identify Melanoma in Patients in Iceland and Their Family Members

RATIONALE: Studying the genes expressed in samples of blood from patients with cancer and their family members may help doctors identify biomarkers related to cancer. PURPOSE: This clinic...

Genetics of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

The purpose of this study is to look at genes (DNA) and how they affect health and disease. Genes are the instruction manual for the body. The genes you get from your parents decide what y...

Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Study

The purpose of the Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Study is to identify the genes that are responsible for causing Alzheimer's Disease (AD). One of the ways in which the risk factor genes for...

Genetics of Cardiovascular and Neuromuscular Disease

We are studying the genetics of human cardiovascular and neuromuscular disease. There are many different genetic regions that have been associated with the development of cardiomyopathy. ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A group of atoms or molecules attached to other molecules or cellular structures and used in studying the properties of these molecules and structures. Radioactive DNA or RNA sequences are used in MOLECULAR GENETICS to detect the presence of a complementary sequence by NUCLEIC ACID HYBRIDIZATION.

Techniques used in studying bacteria.

Corrosive oxidant, explosive; additive to diesel and rocket fuels; causes skin and lung irritation; proposed war gas. A useful reagent for studying the modification of specific amino acids, particularly tyrosine residues in proteins. Has also been used for studying carbanion formation and for detecting the presence of double bonds in organic compounds.

Genes which regulate or circumscribe the activity of other genes; specifically, genes which code for PROTEINS or RNAs which have GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION functions.

Methods for controlling genetic SEX of offspring. It may include SEX DETERMINATION (GENETICS) and other means.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article