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Cardiovascular disease marks the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States. Pharmacological therapies have been developed to reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases in the setting of large-scale randomized controlled trials. In contrast, vitamins and minerals have not undergone an equal level of scrutiny, and the evidence of cardiovascular benefit remains elusive. Multivitamins are the most popular over-the-counter supplements in the United States, despite the lack of clear benefit as a means of primary or secondary cardiovascular prevention. Recent studies indicate a potential role of multivitamins in secondary prevention when concomitantly administered with chelation therapy. Additionally, preclinical and observational studies have shown preliminary evidence of cardiovascular protection with dietary supplements such as carnitine, arginine, and coenzyme Q10. This review summarizes the currently available data about the effect of vitamins and other dietary supplements on the cardiovascular system.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Critical pathways in cardiology
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To evaluate overall prevalence and trends of use of any supplements, multivitamins/multiminerals (MVMM), individual vitamins, minerals, and non-vitamin, non-mineral (NVNM) supplements among adults wit...
People are often looking for that quick fix when it comes to their health. With dietary supplements so readily available on the market, the public assume that they have been through rigorous testing. ...
The purpose of this review is to assess if dietary fish oil supplements are appropriate for patients with elevated triglycerides and cardiovascular risk based on a critical analysis of their compositi...
The minerals, vitamins, soluble dietary fibers, and flavonoids of seaweed are protective for preventing cardiovascular diseases. However, the association between seaweed intake and risk of cardiovascu...
It has been suggested that a low dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and minerals increases the incidence rate of cardiovascular disease and cancer. To date, however, the published resu...
To determine if supplements of vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and B-vitamins (folic acid, vitamins B6 and B12) reduce risk of major cardiovascular events in high risk women with a pr...
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of dietary protein supplements on high blood pressure (BP).
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Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.
A trihydroxy bile salt that is used as a digestive aid in dietary supplements. It is used in culture media and in conjunction with PAPAIN and PANCREATIN.
A species of green microalgae in the family Chlorellaceae. It is used as a model organism for PHOTOSYNTHESIS, and as a food supplement (DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS).
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
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Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...